Art 5
Art History of the Western World: 1400 Through Contemporary

Lecture and Reading Notes 1
Chapter 17


Key Images:  
  Giotto di Bondone. Lamentation. 1305-6
  Robert Campin. Mérode Altarpiece. c. 1425-28
  Jan van Eyck. Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and His Wife, Giovanna Cenami. 1434
  Rogier van der Weyden. Deposition. c. 1442
  Lorenzo Ghiberti. Gates of Paradise. 1425-52
  Donatello. David. c. 1446-60
  Masaccio. Trinity with the Virgin, Saint John the Evangelist, and Donors. 1425-27/28
  Andrea del Castagno. Last Supper. c. 1445-50
  Sandro Botticelli. The Birth of Venus. c. 1484-86


What developments in the Middle Ages led to the great changes that occurred during the fifteenth century?
What is the "Renaissance?"
What is humanism? How did it affect Renaissance thinking?
To what period does Giotto technically belong? Why is he considered such a revolutionary artist?
Why do we find an emphasis on the individual during the fifteenth century?
What characterizes the International Gothic style?
What role did guilds play in Florentine art?
What is "disguised symbolism?" For what purpose did northern artists use it?
What characterizes the work of Robert Campin?
Why is Jan van Eyck credited with the invention of oil painting?
What two painters greatly influenced Hugo van der Goes? What elements of van der Goes style derive from them, and what elements are van der Goes alone?
What development allowed the emergence of printmaking in Europe?
Who were the Medici? What influence did they have on the art of the Renaissance?
What is Neoplatonism?
How did the approach of Italian artists towards rendering the illusion of reality differ from the Flemish?
How was Brunelleschi's dome for the Florence Cathedral an architectural feat?
According to your book, what were the two most important sculptural commissions in Florence in the early fifteenth century? Who won each competition, and what works did they create?
What artist does your book describe as "the great genius of early Italian Renaissance sculpture?" Why?
Explain how a fresco painting is made.
What characterizes early Renaissance style of painting?
How did Masaccio establish a new direction in Florentine painting?
What revolutionary system for depicting space did Masaccio use in his paintings? What artist developed this system?
Why is the Tribute Money considered innovative?
How is Mantegna's work characterized?
How did the Neoplatonists rectify the pagan subject matter in Botticelli's paintings, Primavera and The Birth of Venus?