February 8
Early Renaissance in Italy



Gates of Paradise

Lorenzo Ghiberti. Gates of Paradise (East Doors). 1425-52.




"I strove to imitate nature as clearly as I could, and with all the perspective I could produce, to have excellent compositions with many figures." - Ghiberti







Jacob and Esau

Lorenzo Ghiberti. Jacob and Esau, panel from the Gates of Paradise (East doors). c, 1435.





Self-portrait of Ghiberti







Dome of the Florence Cathedral

Filippo Brunelleschi. Dome of Florence Cathedral. 1417-36
Fred S. Kleiner and Christin J. Mamiya, Gardner's Art Through the Ages. Twelfth ed. Vol. 1. Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace College Publishers, 2005. 2 vols.






Diagram of the Dome of the Florence Cathedral

Diagram of the Dome of the Florence Cathedral







the dome of the Florence Cathedral incorporates Gothic and Renaissance elements:
Gothic elements
Renaissance elements
Pointed arch
Octagonal outer shell







Linear Perspective = a system for representing three-dimensional space on a two-dimensional surface by delineating a horizon line and multiple orthogonal lines



Architectural View

Architectural View. Wall painting from a villa at Boscoreale, near Naples. 1st century BC.
Janson, H.W. and Anthony F. Janson. History of Art. Sixth edition. University of North Carolina, Wilmington: Prentice Hall, Inc., 2001.






School of Athens

Raphael. School of Athens. c. 1510-11












Trinity with the Virgin, Saint John the Evangelist, and Donors

Masaccio. Trinity with the Virgin, Saint John the Evangelist, and Donors. c. 1425-27/28.







Tribute Money

Masaccio. Tribute Money. c. 1427.







Last Supper

Andrea del Castagno. Last Supper. c. 1445-50.






Castagno's last supper in situ








Donatello. David. c.1446-60.



first free-standing, life-sized nude statue since antiquity



contrapposto = an Italian term meaning "set against," used to describe the twisted pose resulting from parts of the body set in opposition to each other around a central axis



David- two views







Mary Magdalen

Donatello. Mary Magdalen. 1430s-50s.