January 25
Historical Background

 

 

What happened before the Renaissance?
   
Ancient Period
Trojan War 1250 BC
Rise of Greek City-States 1000 - 800 BC
Ancient Greece c. 800 BC - 30 BC
First Olympic Games 776 BC
   
Founding of Rome 753 BC
Crucifixion of Christ 29
Early Christian Period 100 - c. 395
Fall of the Roman Empire 476
   
Medieval Period
Iconoclasm 726 - 843
First Crusade called by the Pope to retake the Holy Lands from the Muslims 1095 - 1099
Hundred Years' War between France and England 1337 - 1453
Greast Schism in the Church 1376 - 1417
Chaucer writes the Canterbury Tales 1387 - 1400
   
Renaissance Period 1400 - 1600

 

 

 

 

 

 

Feudal society was not fun

 

 

February page

Paul, Herman and Jean Limbourg. Page with February, from Tres Riches Heures. 1413 - 16.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notre-Dame

West facade of Notre-Dame Cathedral, Paris. 1163 - c. 1250.
Janson, H.W. and Anthony F. Janson. History of Art. Sixth edition. University of North Carolina, Wilmington: Prentice Hall, Inc., 2001.

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Tree of Jesse. West facade, Chartres Cathedral. c. 1150 - 1170. Stained glass.
Duane Preble, Sarah Preble and Patrick Frank, Artforms. (Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2002) 7th ed.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Madonna Enthroned

Madonna Enthroned. Late 13th century. Tempera on panel.
Janson, H.W. and Anthony F. Janson. History of Art. Sixth edition. University of North Carolina, Wilmington: Prentice Hall, Inc., 2001.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Book of Kells

Chi-Rho Monogram from the Book of Kells. Late 8th century.
Duane Preble, Sarah Preble and Patrick Frank, Artforms. (Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2002) 7th ed.

 

 

 

 

 

Roettgen Pieta

Roettgen Pieta. Early 14th century.
Janson, H.W. and Anthony F. Janson. History of Art. Sixth edition. University of North Carolina, Wilmington: Prentice Hall, Inc., 2001.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Christ of the Pentacost

Detail of Christ of the Pentacost. Saint Madeleine Cathedral, France. 1125 - 1150.
Duane Preble, Sarah Preble and Patrick Frank, Artforms. (Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2002) 7th ed.

 

 

 

 

 

Doors of Bishop Bernward, Hildesheim Cathedral. 1015 A.D.
Janson, H.W. and Anthony F. Janson. History of Art. Sixth edition. University of North Carolina, Wilmington: Prentice Hall, Inc., 2001.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adam & Eve Reproached by the Lord from the Doors of Bishop Bernward.
Janson, H.W. and Anthony F. Janson. History of Art. Sixth edition. University of North Carolina, Wilmington: Prentice Hall, Inc., 2001.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Humanism = a cultural and intellectual movement during the Renaissance, following the rediscovery of the art and literature of ancient Greece and Rome. A philosophy or attitude concerned with the interests, achivements and capabilities of human beings rather than with the abstract concepts and problems of theology.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Giotto di Bondone. Frescoes in the Arena Chapel. 1305 - 1306.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Arena Chapel frescoes

Giotto di Bondone. Marriage at Cana, Raising of Lazarus, Resurrection and Noli Me Tangere, and Lamentation. 1305-6.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lamentation

Giotto di Bondone. Lamentation. 1305-6.
Fred S. Kleiner and Christin J. Mamiya, Gardner's Art Through the Ages. Twelfth ed. Vol. 2. Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace College Publishers, 2005. 2 vols.

 

 

 

 

Official site of the Arena Chapel

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lamentation
The Daphne Crucifixion. 11th century.
Janson, H.W. and Anthony F. Janson. History of Art. Sixth edition. University of North Carolina, Wilmington: Prentice Hall, Inc., 2001.
Giotto di Bondone. Lamentation. 1305-6.
Fred S. Kleiner and Christin J. Mamiya, Gardner's Art Through the Ages. Twelfth ed. Vol. 2. Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace College Publishers, 2005. 2 vols.