March 13
Baroque

 

 

Baroque Illusionistic Ceiling Painting

 

 

Two Baroque approaches to decorated ceilings:
Quadro riportato = trompe l'oeil ceiling painting composed as if each scene were a framed easel painting
Illusionistic ceiling composition = trompe l'oeil ceiling painting that uses the real architecture of the space to create the illusion of an open space

 

 

 

 

 

 

Farnese Gallery

Annibale Carracci. Ceiling of gallery, Palazzo Farnese. 1597-1601.

 

 

 

Frescoes in the Palazzo Farnese

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quadro riportato
Illusionistic ceiling composition
Aurora
Aurora
Guido Reni. Aurora. 1615-18.
Guercino. Aurora. 1621-23.
Janson, H.W. and Anthony F. Janson. History of Art. Sixth edition. University of North Carolina, Wilmington: Prentice Hall, Inc., 2001.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Triumph in the Name of Jesus and the Fall of the Damned

Giovanni Battista Gaulli. The Triumph of the Name of Jesus and the Fall of the Damned. 1672-85.

 

 

IHS = monogram of Jesus

 

Detail of Il Gesu ceiling

 

 

 

 

 

 

Last Judgment
Triumph in the Name of Jesus and the Fall of the Damned
Michelangelo. Last Judgment. 1536-41.
Giovanni Battista Gaulli. The Triumph of the Name of Jesus and the Fall of the Damned. 1672-85.

 

 

 

 

Caravaggio
1571 - 1610

 

 

Boy with a Basket of Fruit

Caravaggio. Boy with a Basket of Fruit. c. 1593-94.

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Calling of St. Matthew

Caravaggio. The Calling of Saint Matthew. 1599-1600.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contarelli Chapel

Contarelli Chapel, San Luigi dei Francesci, Rome.
Janson, H.W. and Anthony F. Janson. History of Art. Sixth edition. University of North Carolina, Wilmington: Prentice Hall, Inc., 2001.

 

 

 

 

 

 

chiaroscuro = contrast between light and dark
tenebrism = the use of strong chiaroscuro and artificially illuminated areas to create a dramatic contrast of light and dark in a painting

 

 

"New Realism" of Caravaggio
"He came upon the scene at a time when realism was not much in fashion and when figures were made according to convention and manner and satisfied more the taste for gracefulness than for truth." - Bellori, Lives of the Painters

 

 

 

 

 

 

Conversion of St. Paul

Caravaggio. The Conversion of St. Paul. 1601.
Duane Preble, Sarah Preble and Patrick Frank, Artforms. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2002. 6th ed.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Entombment

Caravaggio. Entombment. 1603-4.

 

 

Caravaggio. David. c. 1610.

 

More Caravaggio

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Caravaggisti

 

 

Artemisia Gentileschi
1592 - c. 1652

 

 

Susanna and the Elders

Artemisia Gentileschi. Susanna and the Elders. 1610.
Cumming, Robert. Great Artists. New York: Dorling Kindersley Limited, 1998.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Artemisia Gentileschi. Judith and Maidservant with the Head of Holofernes. 1625.

 

 

 

Caravaggio's Judith Slaying Holofernes

 

 

 

 

 

 

Artemisia Gentileschi. Judith Beheading Holofernes. c. 1620.
Cumming, Robert. Great Artists. New York: Dorling Kindersley Limited, 1998.

 

 

 

 

 

Spain

 

 

Martyrdom of Saint Bartholomew

Jusepe de Ribera. Martyrdom of Saint Bartholomew. 1634.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Saint Serapion

Francisco de Zurbaran. Saint Serapion. 1628.