March 6
Mannerism

 


Exam #1 Results
 
Number of students earning grade
A
50 - 45 points
6
B
44 - 40 points
8
C
39 - 35 points
5
D
34 - 30 points
4
F
29 - 0 points
5
 
Highest score - 49
Lowest score - 13

 

 

 

 

 

 

Historical Context
1517
Beginning of Protestant Reformation
1520 Death of Raphael
1527
Sack of Rome- end of High Renaissance
1545 - 1563
Counter Reformation begins with Council of Trent
1534 Henry VIII breaks from Catholic Church and establishes Church of England
1543
Copernicus publishes theory in which planets revolve around sun
1543
First scientific study of human anatomy based on dissections published
1550 Giorgio Vasari publishes The Lives of the Artists
1558 - 1603 Elizabeth I reigns in England
1564 - 1616 William Shakespeare
1581
Netherlands declare independence from Spain

 

 

 

 

Counter Reformation - the movement of self-renewal and reform within the Roman Catholic church following the Protestand Reformation of the early 16th century and attempting to combat its influence. Its principles were formulated and adopted at the Council of Trent, 1545 -1563.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Last Judgment

Michelangelo. Last Judgment. 1536-41.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Michelangelo. Detail of the Sistine Ceiling. 1508 -12.
Michelangelo. Detail of the Last Judgment. 1536 - 41.

 

 

 

 

Virtual view of the Last Judgment

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mannerism
1520 to late 16th century
 
maniera = artificial

 

 

 

 

 

Renaissance vs. Mannerist Styles
   
Renaissance
Mannerism
   
Sought equilibrium
Sought instability
Harmonious
Dissonant
Reasonable
Emotional
Realistic
Imaginiative

 

 

 

 

 

 

Andrea Mantengna. Detail of the ceiling of the Camera degli Sposi. 1465-74.
Fred S. Kleiner and Christin J. Mamiya, Gardner's Art Through the Ages. Twelfth ed. Vol. 1. Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace College Publishers, 2005. 2 vols.
Correggio. Assumption of the Virgin. 1526 - 1530.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Characteristics of Mannerism:
Extraordinary technical skill
Elegant composition
Irrational spatial effects
Figures with elongated proportions, exaggerated pose, and enigmatic gestures
Erotic imagery

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pontormo
1494 - 1557

 

 

Entombment

Pontormo. Entombment. 1525-28.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pieta
Entombment
Michelangelo. Pietà. c. 1500.
Richard G. Tansey & Fred S. Kleiner. Gardner's Art Through the Ages. Tenth ed. Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace College Publishers, 1996.
Pontormo. Entombment. 1525-28.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Parmigianino
1503 - 1540

 

 

Madonna with the Long Neck

Parmigianino. Madonna with the Long Neck. 1534-40.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Small Cowper Madonna
Madonna with the Long Neck
Raphael. Small Cowper Madonna. c. 1505
Parmigianino. Madonna with the Long Neck. 1534-40.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Madonna with the Long Neck
Titian. Pesaro Madonna. 1526.
Parmigianino. Madonna with the Long Neck. 1534-40.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bronzino
1503 - 1572

 

 

Allegory with Venus and Cupid

Bronzino. Allegory with Venus and Cupid. Mid-1540s.

 

 

 

allegory = an image that symbolically illustrates an idea, concept, or principle, often moral or religious

 

 

"The moral is that folly blinds one to the jealousy and fraud of sensual love, which time reveals." - Janson