February 27
Sixteenth Century

 

 

The Venetians

 

 

The Tempest

Giorgione. The Tempest. 1505-10.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pastoral Concert

Titian and Giorgione. The Pastoral Concert. c. 1508.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Venus of Urbino

Titian. Venus of Urbino. c. 1538.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pesaro Madonna

Ttitian. Pesaro Madonna. 1519-26.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Germany

 

 

Major German Renaissance Artists:
Matthias Grünewald
Albrecht Dürer

 

 

 

 

 

 

Matthias Grünewald
c. 1480 - 1528

 

 

Isenheim Altarpiece (closed)

Matthias Grünewald. Isenheim Altarpiece (closed). c. 1510-15.

 

 

 

 

 

 

diagram of the Isenheim Altarpiece

Diagram of the Isenheim Altarpiece

 

 

 

 

 

 

Saint Anthony Enthroned between Saints Augustine and Jerome

Nikolaus Hagenauer. Saint Anthony Enthroned between Saints Augustine and Jerome. c. 1505.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Isenheim Altarpiece (first opening)

Matthias Grünewald. Isenheim Altarpiece (first opening). c. 1510-15.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Isenheim Altarpiece (closed)

Matthias Grünewald. Isenheim Altarpiece (closed). c. 1510-15.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Isenheim Altarpiece detail

Isenheim Altarpiece detail

 

 

INRI
Jesus Nazarenus Rex Iudaeorum = Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews

 

 

 

 

"The victims had no hope of recovery and this image was intended to bring them comfort and to reinforce their faith- the message is that Christ, whose broken body is shown covered in sores like those caused by the plague, understands their condition and suffers with them and for them."

 

 

 

 

 

Albrecht Durer
1471 - 1528

 

 

Durer Self-Portrait

Albrecht Dürer. Self-portrait. 1500.

 

 

 

 

"Here (in Italy) I am a gentleman; at home I am a parasite." - Albrecht Durer

 

 

 

 

 

 

Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse

Albrecht Dürer. Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse. 1497-98.

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Protestant Reformation
 
1517 Luther post the "95 Theses"
95 Reforms he demands the Catholic Church make
Especially critical of the sale of indulgences
 
Reforms the Protestants wanted:
Strove to rid the Church of pagan practices and rituals
Promoted importance of individual faith
  Thought devotion to the saints was distracting
Placed responsibility on the faithful to read and interpret Bible for themselves


 

 

 

 

 

 

Four Apostles

Albrecht Dürer. Four Apostles. 1526.