Seductive Subversion
Betty Friedan is credited with igniting the Second Wave of Feminism in 1963 with her bestselling book, The Feminine Mystique. In it, she articulated the loss of identity experienced by many women who were traditionally only valued in their roles as nurtures of home and children. Friedan called for women to throw out their pots and pans in favor of fulfilling careers in the public realm in order to create their own identities and sense of worth - and many women met the challenge.
The Feminine Mystique 50 Years Later

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lee Krasner.  Shattered Color.  1947.
http://www.guildhall.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/09/Lee-Krasner-Shattered-Color.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Easter Lilies

Lee Krasner.  Easter Lilies.  1956.
Fichner-Rathus, Lois.  Understanding Art.  Seventh edition.  Australia: Thomson Wadsworth, 2004.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Listen

Lee Krasner. Listen. 1957.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Micol Hebron "Sisterhood is Powerful"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Krasner, Pollock, Greenberg & Frankenthaler

Pollock, Greenberg, unidentified boy, Frankenthaler & Krasner
http://www.aaa.si.edu/images/polljack/reference/AAA_polljack_6311.jpg

 
Helen Frankenthaler was the "Only woman painter of the period who has
consistently dismissed gender as an issue." - Whitney Chadwick

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mountains and Sea

Helen Frankenthaler. Mountains and Sea. 1952. 7' 2" X 9' 8".

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bay Side

Robins Wrap

Helen Frankenthaler. Bay Side. 1967.

Helen Frankenthaler.  Robinson's Wrap.  1974.
http://www.abstract-art.com/abstraction/l2_Grnfthrs_fldr/g0000_gr_inf_images/g101_frankenthler_rbnsnswrp.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Bay

Helen Frankenthaler. The Bay. 1963.

 

Article on The Bay's restoration

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Core ideas of Greenberg's Formalism:
 
Concept of the "mainstream" = art history is strictly linear and progressive.  Each new style builds upon its predecessors, making them obsolete

Sunday Afternoon

 
Only one dominant style exists at any given time
Any work outside of the dominate style is minor and should not be given consideration
 
Elaine De Kooning. Sunday Afternoon. 1957.
http://www.mystudios.com/women/klmno/kooning_sunday.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sky Cathedral

The avant-garde enacted a continuous stripping away of subject matter, illusion and pictorial space
 
Art can only advance through the elimination of the figure
 
Louise Nevelson. Sky Cathedral Southern Mountain. 1959.
http://www.moca.org/pc/images/artworks/800px/nevelson.jpg
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Concrete distinction between high and low art

Pink Flamingo

http://blogs.sun.com/jag/resource/18841E.jpg

Kitsch = mass produced, low quality, consumer culture
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Convergence

Polar Stampede

Jackson Pollock. Convergence. 1952.
Lee Krasner. Polar Stampede. 1960.
http://media.economist.com/sites/default/files/sales10.jpg?1337251873

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hudson River Landscape
Looking North
David Smith. Hudson River Landscape. 1951.
Dorothy Dehner. Looking North F. 1964.
Sterling, Susan Fisher. Women Artists: The National Museum of Women in the Arts. New York: Abbeville Press Publishers, 1995.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Woman I

JFK

Willem de Kooning. Woman I. 1950-52.
Stokstad, Marilyn. Art History. Revised Second ed. Vol. 2. New York: Prentice Hall Inc., and Harry N. Abrams, 2005.
Elaine De Kooning.  John F. Kennedy.  1963.
http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3203/2721563078_48543449d8.jpg

 

"Elaine de Kooning's comparatively meager institutional recognition as an artist can be attributed to her conscious flouting of the AbEx framework. External factors like her marriage to Willem de Kooning and her role as an Art News critic exacerbated the lack of recognition as an artist, and her adherence to portraiture certainly entailed artistic isolation at that time. From today's point of view, her series of sitting, faceless men seems particularly successful in that it shows the tension between recognition and misrecognition of those portrayed: The more she attempted to represent her male sitters, the more "empty" their faces became. For Willem de Kooning, though, portraits were nothing more than 'pictures that girls made.'" - June Underwood http://raggedclothcafe.com/2007/04/25/abstract-expressionism-a-re-view-and-some-comments-by-june-underwood/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alice Neel
1900 - 1984

 

A Bar at the Folies-Bergere
Margaret Evans Pregnant
Edouard Manet. A Bar at the Folies-Bergere. 1881-82.
Stokstad, Marilyn. Art History. Revised Second ed. Vol. 2. New York: Prentice Hall Inc., and Harry N. Abrams Inc., 2005.
Alice Neel. Margaret Evans Pregnant. 1978.
Broude, Norma and Mary D. Garrard ed. The Power of Feminist Art: The American Movement of the 1970s, History and Impact. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1994.
T.I. Whatever You Like. 2008.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Luncheon on the Grass

Manet. Luncheon on the Grass (Le Dejeuner Sur L'Herbe). 1863.
Stokstad, Marilyn. Art History. Revised Second ed. Vol. 2. New York: Prentice Hall Inc., and Harry N. Abrams, 2005.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Olympia

Pregnant Maria

Edouard Manet. Olympia. 1863.
Stokstad, Marilyn. Art History. Revised Second ed. Vol. 2. New York: Prentice Hall Inc., and Harry N. Abrams, 2005
Alice Neel. Pregnant Woman. 1971.
http://www.uam.ucsb.edu/Media/pregnant_woman.GIF

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alice Neel. Nude Self-Portrait. 1980.
http://24.media.tumblr.com/tumblr_lnfl6wMVFy1qghk7bo1_r1_1280.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Linda Nochlin and Daisy

"The place where I had freedom most was when I painted. I was completely and utterly myself." - Alice Neel

 

Alice Neel. Linda Nochlin and Daisy. 1973.
Stokstad, Marilyn. Art History. Revised Second ed. Vol. 2. New York: Prentice Hall Inc., and Harry N. Abrams, 2005.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shooting Picture

De Saint Phalle making a shooting painting

Niki de Saint Phalle.  Shooting Picture.  1961.
http://www.tate.org.uk/images/cms/13776w_shootingpicture300dpi.jpg
Niki de Saint Phalle creating a shooting picture
http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_dCVZ3U_lipU/SSxrKGM2bUI/AAAAAAAAMX8/eLp-js5J3DA/s400/Niki-de-Saint-Phalle_fusil.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Black Nana
Niki de Saint Phalle. Nana. c. 1965.
v\http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-ZuHDB-O9TcA/T3tk3IuHmGI/AAAAAAAAMfI/XyPTMmrYr6A/s1600/niki+de+saine-phalle+via+restinheart+bogspot.jpg
Niki de Saint Phalle. Black Nana. 1968 - 69.
http://www.museenkoeln.de/museum-ludwig/default.asp?s=1838

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hon

Niki de Saint Phalle, Jean Tinguely and Per Olof Utvedt.  Hon.  1966.
Butler, Cornelia.  WACK!: Art and the Feminist Revolution.  Los Angeles: The Museum of Contemporary Art, 2007.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rob Zombie's appropriation of de Saint Phalle's Hon, 2013
http://wac.450f.edgecastcdn.net/80450F/loudwire.com/files/2013/10/IMG_7967.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Empress

Niki de Saint Phalle. The Empress from the Tarot Garden. 1978 - 1998.
http://tuscantraveler.com/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2008/10/giardino-dei-tarocchi-sett2003-016.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Infinity Mirror

Infinity Mirror. 1965.
http://bodytracks.org/2009/06/yayoi-kusama-kusamas-peep-show-endless-love-show/

 

"If it were not for art, I would have killed myself a long time ago." - Yayoi Kusama

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Silver Shoes

Yayoi Kusama. Silver Shoes. 1976.
http://www.jpallas.com/other/Dennis_Nawrocki___Detroit_Stories.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yayoi Kusama: Self Obliteration on Nowness.com

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vacuuming Pop Art

Martha Rosler. Body Beautiful, or Beauty Knows No Pain: A Woman with Vacuum (Vacuuming Pop Art). 1966 - 72.
http://ww1.prweb.com/prfiles/2010/08/18/1390824/VacuumingPopArtbyMarthaRosler.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Untitled Ocean

Vija Celmins.  Untitled (Ocean) (Venice, California).  1970.  Pencil on paper.  14" X 18".
Sayre, Henry M. A World of Art. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2003.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spider Web

Vija Celmins. Untitled (Web 2). Mezzotint on Hahnemühle Copperplate paper, 18 x 14 3/4 inches. 2000.
http://emilyiremonger.files.wordpress.com/2009/12/vija.jpg

 

 

Seductive Subversion: Women Pop Artists 1958 - 1968

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Minimalism
Many artists in the 60s expressed an urge to dematerialize the art object
Minimalists sought to rid art of everything that was not essential
They often rejected painting in favor of exploring sculptural and everyday materials
Minimalist works were often described as "masculine," "heroic," "intellectual," and "objective"
 
 

Die

Steel Magnesium Plain

Tony Smith. Die. 1962. 6 X 6 X 6 ft.
Fineberg, Jonathan. Art Since 1940: Strategies of Being. Second ed. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. 2000.
Carl Andre. Steel Magnesium Plain. 1969. 6 X 6 ft.
Fineberg, Jonathan. Art Since 1940: Strategies of Being. Second ed. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. 2000.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vietnam Veterans Memorial

Maya Lin. Vietnam Veterans Memorial. 1980 - 1982.
http://cmuarch2013.files.wordpress.com/2009/06/vietnam.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vietnam Veterans Memorial Design

Maya Lin's design for the memorial
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:MayaLinsubmission.jpg

viewers walking by memorial

Viewers walking by the memorial
http://www.mariaworks.com/UOP/3/DC/images/vietnam-memorial.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Three Soldiers

Vietnam Womens Memorial

Frederick Hart.  The Three Soldiers.  1984.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:The_Three_Soldiers.jpg
Glenna Goodacre. The Vietnam Women's Memorial.  1993.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Women%27s_Memorial.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

structuralism = philosophical approach that analyzes society by looking at cultural phenomena such as signs that have hidden underlying meanings that can be decoded

Vietnam Veterans Memorial

 
Interview with Maya Lin
 
 
Maya Lin.  Vietnam Veterans Memorial. 1980 - 82.
http://www.achievement.org/achievers/lin0/large/lin0-029.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accession iii

Eva Hesse. Accession III. 1967.
Grosenick, Uta ed. Women Artists in the 20th and 21st Century. Taschen, Koln. 2005.

 

accession = the act of coming to or reaching the throne;
a mode of acquiring property; the invasion, approach or commencement of a disease

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hang Up

Eva Hesse. Hang Up. 1965 -1966.
Grosenick, Uta ed. Women Artists in the 20th and 21st Century. Taschen, Koln. 2005.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contingent

Eva Hesse. Contingent. 1969.
Sayre, Henry M. A World of Art. Fourth ed. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2003.