Beginning to Triumph
In response to an exhibition of Louise Nevelson's work in 1946, a critic said, "We learned the artist was a woman, in time to check our enthusiasm. Had it been otherwise, we might have hailed these sculptural expresssions as by surely a great figure among the moderns."
Louise Nevelson, Sky Cathedral, 1958.












1930 US census found 40% of art professionals were women
Meret Oppenheim
Despite the increased participation of women in the artistic realm, modern imagery is dominated by the nude female body
The woman continues to be a passive subject on which male "genius" artists exert control
Man Ray, Erotique Voile'e (Meret Oppenheim), 1923.











La Revolution Surrealiste
1924 - mid 1940s
Surrealist Manifesto proclaimed:
  • Unconscious mind more powerful than the conscious mind
  • Sought to make visible the imagery of the unconscious
  • Purpose of their art was to resolve the two states of dream and reality into a kind of absolute reality, a surreality
"I do not see the woman hiding in the forest"

Psychoanalytic Theory for Dummies :0)

Psychoanalytic approach applied to 2016 Presidential Race
Surrealists around Rene Magritte painting. Published in La Revolution Surrealiste December 15, 1929.











Ingres' Violin

Man Ray, Ingres' Violin, 1924.












Meret Oppenheim, Object (Luncheon in Fur), 1936.











Lee Miller
Man Ray, Lee Miller (Neck), 1930.
Man Ray, Anatomies, 1930.











Lee Miller, Solarized Self Portrait, 1930.
Lee Miller, Women with Fire Masks, 1941.











Cahun Self-Portrait

Suzanne Malherbe

Claude Cahun and Marcel Moore, Self-portrait, c. 1928.
Claude Cahun, Suzanne Malherbe, c. 1928.











Kewpee Doll

Claude Cahun, Self-portrait, c. 1929.


"Beneath this mask, another mask. I will never be finished lifting off all these faces." - Claude Cahun











Don't Kiss Me I Am In Training

Claude Cahun, Don't Kiss Me I Am In Training, c. 1929.
Claude Cahun, Self-portrait, c. 1929.











Claude Cahun, Self-Portrait, c. 1929.
Claude Cahun, Self-Portrait, c. 1929.


Joan Riviere's Womanliness as Masquerade 1929











"Some critics have tried to classify me as a Surrealist; but I don not consider myself a Surrealist...Really I do not know whether my paintings are Surrealist or not, but I do know that they are the frankest expression of myself." - Frida Kahlo

The Broken Column

Frida Kahlo, The Broken Column, 1944.











Frida Kahlo painting in hospital bed










Frida and Diego on Wedding Day

The Two Fridas

Frida and Diego
on their wedding day in 1929
Frida Kahlo, The Two Fridas, 1939.











Henry Ford Hospital

Frida Kahlo, Henry Ford Hospital, 1932.


retablo = a votive painting that is characteristically small, portable and painted on a tin or wood support