Everything's Rosie
The Broken Column
"Some critics have tried to classify me as a Surrealist; but I do not consider myself a Surrealist...Really I do not know whether my paintings are Surrealist or not, but I do know that they are the frankest expression of myself." - Frida Kahlo
Student Evaluations
Frida Kahlo, The Broken Column, 1944.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Frida Kahlo painting in hospital bed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Frida and Diego on Wedding Day

The Two Fridas

Frida and Diego
on their wedding day in 1929
Frida Kahlo, The Two Fridas, 1939.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Henry Ford Hospital

Frida Kahlo, Henry Ford Hospital, 1932.

 

retablo = a votive painting that is characteristically small, portable and painted on a tin or wood support

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alfred Stieglitz, Georgia O' Keefe, 1918.
Alfred Stieglitz, Georgia O'Keefe, 1918.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"The show is strong...one long, loud blast of sex, sex in youth, sex in adolescence, sex in maturity, sex as gaudy as Ten Nights in a Whorehouse, sex as pure as the vestal virgins, sex bulging, sex tumescent, sex deflated...Perhaps only half the sex is on the walls, the rest is probably in me." - Lewis Mumford reviewing Georgia O'Keefe's work
Georgia O'Keefe "found expression in delicately veiled symbolism for what every woman knows but what women heretofore kept to themselves." - Marilyn Stokstad
"I hate flowers- I paint them because they're cheaper than models and they don't move!" - Georgia O'Keefe
Georgia O'Keefe, Red Canna, c. 1924.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Georgia O' Keefe, Music Pink and Blue No. 2, 1918.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Clement Greenberg's words, ". . . the greatest part of her work adds up to little more than tinted photography. The lapidarian patience she has expended in trimming, breathing upon, and polishing these bits of opaque cellophane betrays a concern that has less to do with art than with private worship and the embellishment of private fetishes with secret and arbitrary meanings." - Clement Greenberg 1946
 
Georgia O'Keefe, Pelvis with Distance, 1943.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Historic Context
 
1929 - 1941
Great Depression

1933
Hitler's Nazi Party seizes power - end of Weimar Republic
 
New Deal begins - program of government spending that included two departments (the FSA and the FAP) that employed artists
 

FAP artists received famous salary of $23.86 / week at a time when a Woolworth's clerk earned $11 /week

 
40% of those receiving aide from the FAP were women
1939 - 1945
World War II
 
Largest & deadliest war in history with over 62 million deaths
1941
Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
1942
Rosie the Riveter character helps increase the number of US women working to 20 million (an increase of 57% from 1940)
 
The average man working in a war-time plant paid $54.65 / week, while women were paid $31.21 / week
1945
First use of the Atomic Bomb at Hiroshima and Nagasaki
 
J. Howard Miller, Rosie the Riviter, 1942.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lange on Car with Camera
New Deal - program of government spending that included two departments (the FSA and the FAP) that employed artists
 

FAP artists received famous salary of $23.86 / week at a time when a Woolworth's clerk earned $11 /week

40% of those receiving aide from the FAP were women
Dorothea Lange off Hwy 101

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Migrant Mother untouched
Migrant Mother
Dorothea Lange, Migrant Mother, 1936.
Midweed Pictorial spread using Migrant Mother image.  October 17, 1936.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Florence and Daughters

Bill Ganzel, Florence Owens Thompson and her daughters Norma, Katherine and Ruby, 1979.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rosie the Riveter character helps increase the number of US women working to 20 million
  • An increase of 57% from 1940
  • The average man working in a war-time plant paid $54.65 / week, while women were paid $31.21 / week

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Woman working on the A-31 Vengeance bomber in Tennessee (1943)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rosie the Riveter Memorial, Richmond, CA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cologne Cathedral after allied bombing
Alfred Eisenstaedt, V.J. Day, 1945.
   
 
The Kissing Sailor or the Selective
Blindness of Rape Culture

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

After WWII, the U.S. emerged as a powerful world economic, political and cultural leader....

 

Female WWII Pilots
 

and the women who had been an integral part of the war effort were told to go home to their shiny pans.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lucy and Ethel in the candy factory