Healing the Madness
 

Amelia Earhart was the first woman to fly solo, non-stop across the Atlantic. Among her numerous achievements, Earhart earned the Distinguished Flying Cross, the Cross of Knight of the Legion of Honor and the Gold Medal of the National Geographic Society.  She was a Depression-era hero and advocate for women's equality, saying, "A pilot's a pilot. I hope that such equality could be carried out in other fields so that men and women may achieve equally in any endeavor..." She disappeared in 1937 over the Pacific during an attempt to circumnavigate the globe.

 
Essay 4 Due!
Amelia Earhart
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Neeling Mother and Child
Les Demoiselles d'Avignon
Paula Modersohn-Becker, Kneeling Mother and Child, 1907.
Pablo Picasso, Les Demoiselles D'Avignon, 1907.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Type of Women
Les Demoiselles D'Avignon
Edmond Fortier, Type of Women, West Africa, 1906.
Pablo Picasso, Les Demoiselles D'Avignon, 1907.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Les Demoiselles d'Avignon

Pablo Picasso, Les Demoiselles D'Avignon, 1907.
Hilma of Klint, The Tens Mainstay, 1907.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hilma of Klimt,

 

More on Hilma of Klimt

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hilma of Klimt, Tree of Knowledge, 1913.
Hilma of Klint, Altarpiece, 1907.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic objective of Cubism was to depict three-dimensional objects from all sides at once

Electric Prisms

  • To represent an object as the mind sees it rather than as the eye sees it
 
  • Little to no perspective or illusionism
  • No chiaroscuro
  • No story to validate the subject
  • Modern, present-day subject
 
Sonia Delaunay, Electric Prisms, 1914.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Le Bal Bullier

Sonia Delaunay, Bal Bullier, 1913. Oil on mattress ticking.  38 1/8" X 12'8".

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Delaunay Family 1911

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Couverture

Sonia Delaunay, Couverture, 1911. Appliqued fabric.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sonia and Citroen

Sonia Delaunay, Clothes and customized Citroen B-12, 1925.

 

In 1964 Delaunay became the first living female artist to have a retrospective exhibiton at the Louvre

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lubov Tchernicheva as Cleopatra, 1918
Sonia Delaunay, Cleopatra Costume, 1918.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sonia Delaunay in Pajamas of her own design, 1925.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Historical Context
 
WWI
1906 - 1920
Women gain the right to vote in Finland, Denmark, the United Kingdom, and the United States
1914 - 1918
World War I
 
Over 37 milion deaths
1919
Treaty of Versailles forces Germany, Austria and Hungary to accept responsibility for causing WWI and pay heavy reparations to certain Allied Nations
1919 - 1933
German Weimar Republic
1917 - 1920
Russian Revolution
1919 - 1921
Irish War of Independence
1922
Formation of the Soviet Union
Fascists under Benito Mussolini seize power in Italy
1924
Immigration Act restricts Eastern and Southern European nationalities, bans East Asians, Indians and Africans, and regulates Latin Americans from immigrating to U.S. Coincides with growth of KKK.
1926 - 1953
Stalin gains control of the Soviet Union
1927
First "talkie" movie, The Jazz Singer
1929
Great Depression begins

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kåthe Kollwitz, Attack, The Weaver's Revolt, 1895 - 1897.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Outbreak

Kåthe Kollwitz, Outbreak, 1903.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Recurring themes in Kollwitz's work:


 
 
  • Misery of impoverished working classes
  • Omnipresence of death
  • Sympathy with armed revolt to improve inhumane conditions
 
 
Kåthe Kollwitz, Death Seizing a Woman, 1934.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kaiser Wilhelm

"I beg you, gentlemen, a medal for a woman, that would really be going too far... Orders and medals of honor belong on the breasts of worthy men!" - Kaiser Wilhelm II, 1898
Kaiser Wilhelm II
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cut with the Kitchen Knife

Hannah Höch, Cut with a Kitchen Knife Dada through the last Weimar
Beer-Belly Cultural Epoch of Germany
, 1919 - 1920.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cut with the Kitchen Knife

Photomontage = a photographic collage that is photographed so that the final image is converted back into a photographic print
 
Höch organizes the photomontage into four quadrants:
Upper right = Anti Dada world
Lower right = The Great Dada World
Upper left = "Dada" springs from Einstein's head
Lower left = figure demands that the masses join Dada
Hannah Höch, Cut with a Kitchen Knife Dada through the last Weimar Beer-Belly Cultural Epoch of Germany, 1919 - 1920.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Beautiful Girl

"It was not very easy for a woman to impose herself as a modern artist in Germany...Most of our male colleagues continued for a long time to look upon us as charming and gifted amateurs, denying us implicitly any real professional status." - Hannah Höch
 
 
Hans Richter described Höch's contribution to the Dada movement as the "sandwiches, beer and coffee she managed somehow to conjure up despite the shortage of money." Raoul Hausmann even suggested that the best thing Höch could do for Dada was to support him financially. This was during the time that Hausmann was living with both Höch and his wife, whom he refused to divorce in order to commit himself to his relationship with Höch (Wikipedia).
 
Hannah Höch, The Beautiful Girl, 1920.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"They all wanted this 'new woman' and her groundbreaking will to freedom. But they more or less brutally rejected the notion that they, too, had to adopt new attitudes." - Hannah Höch

 
 
Photomontage - a collage of separate photographs that is re-photographed so that the final image is converted back into a seemless photographic print
"The excess of Hell falls into the coffers of Pastor Klatt for innocent children of criminals."

 

Hanah Höch, Dada Dance, 1922. Photomontage.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dadaism
1916 - 1923

Dadaists

Berlin Dadaists in 1921

Dada = a nonsensical term used to define an international artistic and literary movement.  Born of the widespread disillusionment engendered by World War I, it attacked conventional standards of aesthetics and behavior and stressed absurdity and the role of the unpredictable in artistic creation.
 
"While the thunder of guns rolled in the distance, we sang, painted, glued and composed for all our worth. We are seeking an art that would heal mankind from the madness of the age."- Jean Arp

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hannah and Til

Hannah and Til Brugman 1947

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Marlene

Marlene Dietrich

Hannah Hoch, Marlene, 1930.
Marlene Dietrich, Morrocco publicity still, 1933.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Marlene Dietrich in Morroco
Madonna's appropriation of the kiss scene

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Self Portrait

Una Troubridge

Romaine Brooks, Self-Portrait, 1923.
Romaine Brooks, Una, Lady Troubridge, 1924.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

White Azaleas

Romaine Brooks, White Azaleas or Black Net, 1910.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Amazon

Natalie Romaine

Romaine Brooks, The Amazon (Natalie Barney), 1920.
Natalie and Romaine