Avant-Garde Ladies!
Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell
In 1849 Elizabeth Blackwell became the first female doctor in the U.S. after earning her M.D. from the Medical Institution of Geneva, N.Y.

Interesting readings have been
added to the Assignments page :0)

Elizabeth Blackwell, 1865.











Adolphe William Bougureau, Nymphs and Satyr, 1873.
Cabanel, Nymph and Satyr, 1860.











Realism = art style that sought to counter the idealized subject matter of Academic painting with direct and frank views of everyday life
  • Based on the idea that ordinary people and everyday activities are worthy subjects for art
  • Strove to depict ordinary existence without Classic idealism, exoticism or nostalgia
  • Insisted on precise imitation of visual perceptions without alteration
Gustave Courbet, The Stone Breakers, 1849 (destroyed during World War II).  8 1/2' X 5' 3".










The Horse Fair

Rosa Bonheur, The Horse Fair, 1853.











Rosa Bonheur, The Highland Raid, 1860. 











"I was forced to recognize that the clothing of my sex was a constant bother. That is why I decided to solicit the authorization to wear men's clothing from the prefect of police." - Bonheur

Rosa and Natalie

Rosa Bonheur in pants
Rosa Bonheur and Nathalie Micas











Gustave Courbet, Origin of the World, 1866.



Other Half Discovered


Getty images of newly discovered portion











Rosa Bonheur, Oxen Pulling a Cart, date unknown.