The New Woman
Rebecca West

"I myself have never been able to find out precisely what feminism is: I only know that people call me a feminist whenever I express sentiments that differentiate me from a door mat or a prostitute." - Rebecca West in "Mr Chesterton in Hysterics: A Study in Prejudice," The Clarion, November 14, 1913

Exam 2 must be submitted by 11:59 PM!!!
Rebecca West











Luncheon on the Grass

Edouard Manet, Luncheon on the Grass (Le Dejeuner Sur L'Herbe), 1863.











1863 Academy rejected nearly 3,000 works for the annual Salon, provoking great deal of public protest

Italian Music Hall

  • Emperor Napolean III ordered an exhibition of the refused work that was eventually called the Salon des Refuses (Salon of the Rejected)
  • Artists used the exhibition as a declaration of their independence from the Academy
Eva Gonzales, The Italian Music Hall Box, c. 1874.











Mother and Sister of the Artist

Avant-garde = artists or works that are novel or experimental
Relates to the military term for soldiers who explore the battlefield ahead of the advancing army
Suggests a small group of intellectuals who
push the boundaries of what is accepted as the norm
Berthe Morisot, Mother and Sister of the Artist, 1870.











Impressionism = a movement among late nineteenth-century French painters who sought to present a true representation of light and color. Working primarily outdoors, such artists applied small touches of paint to catch fleeting impressions of the scenes before them. Many American artists adopted the style.

In the Garden

The Impressionists were interested in:
  • Representing immediate visual sensations through color and light
  • Experimenting with short, loose, and choppy brushstrokes
  • Painting outdoors, away from the studio,
    and with pre-made paint
  • "En Plein Air" = in the open air
Berthe Morisot, In the Garden, c. 1884.











"sketch aesthetics"

Summer's Day

Woman at the Toilette

Berthe Morisot, Summer's Day, 1879.
Berthe Morisot, Woman at Her Toilette, 1875.











Mother Washing Sleepy Child

Breakfast in Bed

Mary Cassat, Mother Washing Sleepy Child, 1880.
Mary Cassatt, Breakfast in Bed, 1897.













Mary Cassat, Woman in a Loge, 1880.
Mary Cassatt, Little Girl in a Blue Arm Chair, 1878.












Mary Cassatt, The Boating Party, 1893 - 1894.










Mother and Child
"I consider women writers, lawyers and politicians as monsters and nothing but five-legged calves. The woman artist is merely ridiculous, but I am in favor of the female singer and dancer." - Pierre-Auguste Renoir
Women Bathing
Mary Cassatt, Mother and Child, c. 1905.
Pierre-Auguste Renoir, The Bathers, 1887.