Lady Sculptors & Photographers
Harriet Hosmer in her Rome studio, at work on a statue of Missouri Senator, Thomas Hart Benton, 1865.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"The White Marmorean Flock"

 
"Strange sisterhood of American lady sculptors who at one time settled upon the seven hills in a white marmorean flock" - James Joyce
 
Charlotte Cushman

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Harriet Hosmer
1830 - 1908

 

Zenobia in Chains
Harriet Hosmer, Zenobia in Chains,1859.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Harriet Hosmer, Zenobia in Chains (detail), 1859.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hiram Power, Greek Slave, 1847.
Harriet Hosmer, Zenobia in Chains, 1859.

 

"I have tried to make her too proud to exhibit passion or emotion of any kind." - Harriet Hosmer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Puck on a Toadstool

Harriet Hosmer, Puck on a Toadstool, c. 1855 - 1856.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Beatrice Cenci

Harriet Hosmer, Beatrice Cenci, 1857.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Julia Margaret Cameron, Beatrice Cenci, 1866.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Photography invented 1827 and by the 1850s had become accessible to many
 
Photography provided an open door to women interested in the arts because:
  • It had no canon, history or rules to adhere to
  • Photos were not initially considered art, so photographic practice was open to everyone (who could afford the equipment) without restrictions
  • It did not reqiure formal training (such as painting & sculpting)
  • Because it was considered a hobby, photographers were allowed great freedom of expression
 

Not surprisingly, women were among the first to argue the artistic merits of the photograph

The Kodak Girl, Australian Photographic Review, 1911.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lady Clementina Hawarden
1822 - 1865

 

Lady Clementina Hawarden, Photographic Study, Early 1860s.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lady Clementina Hawarden, Photographic Study, c. 1863.
Lady Clementina Hawarden, Daughters on a Balcony, c. 1865.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Isabelle Grace

Lady Clementina Hawarden,
Clementina Maude by Window, c. 1862.
Lady Clementina Hawarden,
Isabella Grace and Clementina Maude, c. 1863.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lady Clementina Hawarden, Clementina Maude, c. 1862.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In 1861, the age of consent was raised
from 10 to 12 in England
 
While there is no evidence that Hawarden was deliberately exploring the topic of adolescent sexuality, the popular concern is arguably evident in her images
Lady Clementina Hawarden, Isabella Grace and Clementina Maude, c. 1863.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Julia Margaret Cameron
1815 - 1879

 

Rosebud Garden of Girls

Julia Margaret Cameron, Rosebud Garden of Girls, 1868.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Julia Margaret Cameron, Charles Darwin, 1868, printed 1875.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lewis Carroll said "hers are all taken purposely out of focus- some are very picturesque- some merely hideous- however, she talks of them as if they were triumphs of art." - Guerrilla Girls


 
"What is focus- and who has the right to say what is the legitimate focus? My aspirations are to ennoble photography and to secure for it the character and uses of High Art by combining the real and the ideal and sacrificing nothing of Truth by all possible devotion to Poetry and beauty." - Julia Margaret Cameron
 
Julia Margaret Cameron, Sappho, 1865.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Julia Margaret Cameron, Ellen Terry at Age 16, 1864.
John Singer Sargent, Ellen Terry as Lady Macbeth, 1889.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Edmonia Lewis
1845 - after 1911

 

Edmonia Lewis

Henry Rochner, Carte-de-visite of Edmonia Lewis, c. 1870.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Old Indian Arrowmaker

Hagar in the Wilderness
Edmonia Lewis, Old Indian Arrowmaker and His Daughter, 1866 - 1872.

Edmonia Lewis, Hagar in the Wilderness, 1875.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Edmonia Lewis, The Death of Cleopatra, 1876.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cleopatra
Cleopatra
Edmonia Lewis, Death of Cleopatra (scale and detail), 1876.