Of Queens and Bees
“I was a queen, and you took away my crown; a wife, and you killed my husband; a mother, and you deprived me of my children. My blood alone remains: take it, but do not make me suffer long.” - Marie Antoinette after being convicted of treason

Marie Antoinette

Reminder! Exam 1 must be submitted during Spring Break. Due date will be extended to March 22

Franz Xaver Wagenshon, 
Marie Antoinette, 1769 - 1770.











During a visit to Paris in 1721, Carriera's paintings were in high demand. She portrayed many important nobles, including the King and members of his court and was elected to the Academy by acclamation.
pastels = crayons of pulverized pigment bound to a chalk base by weak gum water

Charles Sackville

Portrait of Young Louis

Rosalba Carriera, Charles Sackville, c. 1730.
Rosalba Carriera, Portrait of Louis XV, 1720.











Antoine Watteau

Rosalba Carriera, Antoine Watteau, 1721.
Jean-Antoine Watteau, Pilgrimage to Cithera, 1717.











Louis and Marie were married in 1770 when he was 16 and she was 15.


Louis c. 1770
Joseph Ducreux, Marie Antoinette, 1768.











In 1774, he became the French King, and she became the Queen of France.


Louis XVII Coronation

Marie Antoinette 1778

Joseph Siffred Duplessis, 
Louis XVI in Coronation Robes, 1777.
Elisabeth Louise Vigee-Lebrun,
Marie Antoinette, 1778.









Upon his sucession to the throne, Louis gave Marie Le Petit Trianon for her sole enjoyment and privacy.
The people of France were outraged.


Le Petit Trianon













18th-century pornographic portrayal of
Marie Antoinette and the duchess of Pequigny
Cartoon satirizing Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette











Marie Antoinette's Bedroom

In 1781, after seven years of marriage, Marie Antoinette gave birth to daughter Marie Therese.
Marie Antoinette will have numerous miscarriages, but will give birth to three more children.
Marie Antoinette's Bedroom at Versailles











In 1783 Adelaide Labille Guiard and Elisabeth Vigee Lebrun were elected to the French Academy.

The Academy protested the election of Lebrun (and the idea of more than one female admission
at one time) but Louis overruled and ordered the election under Marie's pressure.

Adelaide Labille-Guiard, Self-Portrait with Two Pupils, 1785.
Elisabeth Louise Vigee-Lebrun, Self-portrait in Straw Hat, 1782.










Marie Antoinette
Marie Antoinette with Rose
Elisabeth Louise Vigee-Lebrun,
Marie Antoinette en Chemise, 1783.
Elisabeth Louise Vigee-Lebrun,
Marie Antoinette with Rose, 1783.











Le Hameau

Le Hameau











Marie Antoinette with Children

Adolph-Ulrich Wertmuller, Marie Antoinette with Her Children, 1785 - 1786.


Denounced for depicting “an ugly queen frivolously dressed and gamboling
in front of the Temple of Love at Versailles with her two children.” – Chadwick











Elisabeth-Louise Vigee-Lebrun, Portrait of Marie Antoinette with Her Children, 1787.