Enlightened Ladies

allegory = the representation of abstract ideas or principles by characters, figures, or events in narrative, dramatic, or pictorial form.

 
Exam 1 must be submitted on Blackboard
by 11:59 PM tonight!
Artemisia Gentileschi, Self-Portrait as the Allegory of Painting, c. 1630s.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Judith and Maidservant with the Head of Holofernes

Artemisia Gentileschi, Judith and Maidservant with the Head of Holofernes, 1620 - 1621.

Artemisia Gentileschi, Judith and Maidservant with the Head of Holofernes, 1625 - 1627.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

chiaroscuro = contrast between light and dark
 
tenebrism = use of strong chiaroscuro and artificially illuminated areas to create dramatic contrast of light and dark in a painting
     
  • Boldly illuminated figures set against dark backgrounds

Conversion of St. Paul

Lucretia

  • Single light source usually outside of the picture plane
  • Use of unidealized bodies and non-professional models
  • Theatrical and dramatic compositions
 
Those who followed Caravaggio's style were called "the Caravaggisti"
 
Caravaggio, Conversion of St. Paul, 1601.
Artemisia Gentileschi, Lucretia, 1621.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Judith
Judith

Lavinia Fontana, Judith and Holofernes, 1613.

Elisabetta Sirani, Judith with the Head of Holofernes, c. 1660.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Judith
Judith Slaying Holofernes

Artemisia Gentileschi,
Judith Decapitating Holofernes, 1611 - 1612.

Artemisia Gentileschi,
Judith Decapitating Holofernes, 1620 - 1621.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Judith Slaying Holofernes

Caravaggio, Judith Slaying Holofernes, c. 1599.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Orazio or Artemisia Gentileschi, Danaë, c. 1612.
Artemisia Gentileschi, Danaë, c. 1623.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Why are women largely absent from Florentine Renaissance history?


 
  • Humanist emphasis on academic study for artists
  • Use of linear perspective required knowledge of mathematics
  • Emphasis on anatomical study and accuracy
  • Most Renaissance artists came from artisan backgrounds and were guild members
  • Artists expected to travel abroad
Sandro Botticelli, La Primavera, c. 1482.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

tempera  = a fast drying, water-based paint that
uses egg yolk as a binder
oil paint = a slow drying paint that
uses lindseed oil as a binder

Birth of Venus

Sandro Botticelli, The Birth of Venus, c. 1484 - 1486.
Tempera on canvas.
Artemisia Gentileschi, The Sleeping Venus, 1630.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Elisabetta Sirani
1638 - 1665

 

Elisabetta Sirani, Judith with the Head of Holofernes, 1638 - 1665.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Portia Wounding Her Thigh

Elisabetta Sirani, Portia Wounding Her Thigh, 1664.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lincoln's Catafalque

President Lincoln's Catafalque

 

catafalque = an ornamental structure used in funerals for the lying in state of the body