postcolonialism = a study of the effects of colonialism on cultures and societies, concerned with both how European nations conquered and controlled "Third World" cultures and how these groups have since responded to and resisted those encroachments. Post-colonialism, as both a body of theory and a study of political and cultural change, has gone and continues to go through three broad stages:

  • an initial awareness of the social, psychological, and cultural inferiority
  • enforced by being in a colonized state
    the struggle for ethnic, cultural, and political autonomy
  • a growing awareness of cultural overlap and hybridity
David Hammons, Bliz-aard Sale, 1986.












The Atlantic Slave Trade in Two Minutes Interactive Video










East L.A. Brown Out, March 1, 1968.











"At this moment, we do not come to work for the university, but to demand that the university work for our people." - The Plan of Santa Barbara











"Chicano meant looking at oneself through one’s ‘own’ eyes and not through Anglo bifocals."- Ruben Salazar

Frank Romero, The Arrest of the Paleteros, 1996.


Dreamland: A Frank Romero Retrospective at MoLAA
February 11 - May 21, 2017











Judy Baca, The Great Wall of Los Angeles, 1974 - present.
Farewell to Rosie the Riveter

located on Coldwater Canyon Ave between Oxnard St & Burbank Blvd and the eastern edge
of the Valley College campus in San Fernando Valley, alongside the Tujunga Wash

Driving directions and guide





















NEA Chain Gang

Art Criminal Chain Gang in Los Angeles (resulting in 20 arrests), 1990.



NEA mission: "to enrich our Nation and its diverse cultural heritage by supporting works of artistic excellence,
advancing learning in the arts, and strengthening the arts in communities throughout the country."
Karen Finley, Tim Miller, John Fleck and Holly Hughes apply for grants and are denied because their works deemed "indescent" by Congress
NEA decides to cease funding for individual artists
Senate uses Ron Athey's performance work to justify further cuts to NEA funding
Congress cuts funding by 30% to $99.5 million
Congress votes to phase out federal funding of the program in two years
House announces their plan to eliminate the Endowment
Supreme Court determines that the statute mandating the Endowment to consider “general standards of decency and respect for the diverse beliefs and values of the American public” in awarding grants is constitutional.
"NEA Four" compensated with money equal to grant money they would have received
NEA has $144.7 million budget
NEA budget request $161.3 million allowing grant awards to state and regional non-profits to fund performances, exhibitions, tours, festivals, education programs and other activities.
President Obama requests $147.9 million budget to support NEA











Solar Anus
"There's something kind of intuitively alchemical I'm trying to do, and I don't know if sometimes it's really art that I'm trying to land at. Sometimes it's outside of art."
- Ron Athey
"In 2004, a 24-year-old UCLA student Joseph Deutch presented a work of performance art named 'untitled Russian roulette,' in which, using a wooden gun, he staged a fake suicide in front of his classmates, many of whom initially believed the act to be real. Deutch was awarded an A - for the work, and was unpunished by his administration, but the jarring incident (with its lack of mentionable aftermath) incited legendary performance artist Chris Burden and his wife, sculptor Nancy Rubins, to resign from the school’s faculty. What Deutch had done, they said in a statement issued through their art dealer, was a kind of 'domestic terrorism' that made onlookers 'fear for their lives.' Burden stated that university grounds possess 'rules of speech and decorum,' and emphasized that in his own canonized gun piece, Shoot, 1971 (in which the artist had his assistant shoot him in the arm with a rifle), the audience had been forewarned."
- Sky Gooden
Catherine Opie, Ron Athey, 1994.





















Identity Politics
This Kid...
Artists explore the construction of identity and identification
Question what is accepted as "normal" and how the indidual navigates that definition
“Wojnarowicz uses the sharp delineation of his identity, principally in its divergence from the culture’s norms, to lay bare society’s ethical flaws and dissimulation. [He engages in a] painfully uncompromising self-scrutiny and exposure.”
- Jonathan Fineberg
David Wojnarowicz, Untitled (One day this kid…), 1990.












In January, 2011, the Smithsonian Portrait Gallery removed a video piece, A Fire in My Belly by David Wojnarowicz, from the exhibition Hide/ Seek after the Catholic League and members of Congress complained the work was anti-Christian. Wojnarowicz made the piece in Mexico in response to the suffering of his partner and friends as they died from AIDS as well as to the plight of impoverished victims of AIDS in third world countries. Wojnarowicz died at age 37 of AIDS complications in 1992.

Representative Eric Cantor of Virginia said the inclusion of the work in the exhibition was an "outrageous use of taxpayer money and an obvious attempt to offend Christians during the Christmas season," and Representative Jack Kingston of Georgia called it "in your face perversion paid for by tax dollars."

In response to the act of censorship, the Washington D.C. Transformer Gallery began showing the work on December 1, World AIDS Day & the Day With/out Art.

Silence = Death
In 1990, Wojnarowicz won a historic Supreme Court case: David Wojnarowicz v. American Family Association. The courts sided with Wojnarowicz after he filed suit against Donald Wildmon and the American Family Association, who copied, distorted, and disseminated the artist's images in a pamphlet to speak out against the National Endowment for the Arts' funding of exhibitions that included art works of Wojnarowicz and other artists. Wojnarowicz died of AIDS related complications in 1992 at the age of 37. - Art Daily 1/6/11











Adrian Piper, Vanilla Dreams, 1986.
Adrian Piper, Vanilla Nightmares #18, 1987.











Adrian Piper, My Calling Card #1, 1986.