Group f/64


When words become unclear, I shall focus with photographs. When images become inadequate, I shall be content with silence.” - Ansel Adams
Ansel Adams, Clearing Winter Storm, February 23, 1935.











Banana Plant

Imogen Cunningham, Banana Plant, c. 1929.











Ansel Adams, Valley View, Yosemite, c. 1933.





















Weston with view camera, 1937

view from a view camera
View camera











Group f/64 approach:
Sought greatest depth of field with smallest lens aperture
Sharp focus
Close-up views
Large-view format camera
Contact printing rather than enlarging
Ansel Adams, Rose on Driftwood, 1933.











Edward Weston, Excusado, 1925.


Weston described this photo as revealing "the very substance and quintessence of the thing itself"











Edward Weston, Nude, 1936.










"I could wait no longer to print them - my new peppers, so I put aside several orders, and yesterday afternoon had an exciting time with seven new negatives.

First I printed my favorite, the one made last Saturday, just as the light was failing - quickly made, but with a week's previous effort back of my immediate, unhesitating decision. A week?  Yes, on this certain pepper, but twenty-eight years of effort, starting with a youth on a farm in Michigan, armed with a no. 2 Bull's Eye [Kodak] have gone into the making of this pepper, which I consider a peak of acheivement.

It is a classic, completely satisfying - a pepper - but more than a pepper: abstract, in that it is completely outside subject matter... this new pepper takes one beyond the world we know in the conscious mind."

- Edward Weston from his Daybook 1930

Edward Weston, Pepper #30, 1930.











previsualiztion = ability to see one's finished print before exposure


Edward Weston, Nude, 1926.
Edward Weston, Cabbage Leaf, 1931.











Ansel Adams, Grand Canyon from South Rim, 1941.











Ansel Adams, Snow Covered Mountains, 1940s.











Zone System = aide for determining correct exposure and development times
11 different zones
Zone O = maximum black
Zone X = pure white
Imogen Cunningham, The Unmade Bed, 1957.











Photojournalism = particular form of journalism that creates images in order to tell a news story

Oscar Graubner, Margaret Bourke-White atop the Chrysler Building, c. 1930.
Margaret Bourke-White, Chrysler Building, 1931.











Margaret Bourke-White, Louisville Flood Victims, 1937.











Margaret Bourke-White, Self-Portrait, 1943.











Margaret Bourke-White, Buchenwald, 1945.











"Actually, I am not at all interested in the photograph itself. The only thing I want is to capture a fraction of a second of realtiy." - Henri Cartier-Bresson
Henri Cartier-Bresson, Untitled, Madrid, Spain, 1933.











Henri Cartier-Bresson, Dessau, Gestapo Informer, 1945.










Henri Cartier-Bresson, Rue Mouffetard, Paris, 1958.










Gordon Parks, Ella Watson (American Gothic), 1942.











American Gothic

Grant Wood, American Gothic, 1930.











Gordon Parks, Ella Watson and her Grandchildren, 1942.











“I saw that the camera could be a weapon against poverty, against racism, against all sorts of social wrongs.
I knew at that point I had to have a camera.” Gordon Parks
Gordon Parks, Malcolm X, 1963.

Gordon Parks, Harlem Gang Leader, 1948.











Gordon Parks, Drugstore Cowboys, 1955.










Harold E. Edgerton, Milk Coronet, 1936.


1/1,000,000 of a second











Harold E. Edgerton, Tennis Player, 1938.










Harold E. Edgerton, Antique Gun Firing, 1936.











Stroboscopic Photography

  • Replaced shutters of ordinary cameras with electrical illumination:
  • Camera shutter always open in completely dark room
  • Exposure made when quick flash exposed negative
Harold Edgerton, Card being shot, 1964.











Harold E. Edgerton, Fanning Cards, 1940.











Harold E. Edgerton, Atomic bomb detonation near Joshua tree, 7 miles from ground zero.


Edgerton's Rapatronic camera










Photographer Unknown, US Marines Holding Mushroom Cloud, 1952.











Weegee, Onlookers, 1936.











Weegee, Coney Island Crowd, 1940.











Weegee, Drunks, c. 1940.











Weegee, The Critic (Opening Night at the Opera), 1943.





















Weegee, Movie Theatre Kiss, c. 1940. Infared film.