June 23
Mesopotamia

 

 

 

 

mesopotamia = Greek for "land between the rivers"
 
Cities of the Ancient Near East 7000 - 3000 BCE
Early Mesopotamian City-States

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sumer c. 3500 - 2030 B.C.

 

Artist's rendition of ancient city or Ur
http://www.mitchellteachers.org/WorldHistory/MrMEarlyHumansProject/Images/SumerianAchievements/SumerCityUr.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Babylonian deed of sale, c. 1750 B.C.
H.W. Janson and Anthony F. Janson. A Basic History of Art. (New York: Prentice-Hall Inc. and Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 2003) Sixth ed., 65.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sumerian cylinder-seal impression of god with plow
http://www.mitchellteachers.org/WorldHistory/MrMEarlyHumansProject/Images/
SumerianAchievements/CylinderSealImpressionTwoGodsPlacard_large.jpg

Chariot. c. 2700 BCE. Copper, 2.75" tall.
http://www.mitchellteachers.org/WorldHistory/MrMEarlyHumansProject/Images/
SumerianAchievements/CopperChariotStatuePlacard_large.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Geometry Tablet from Ur
http://www.mitchellteachers.org/WorldHistory/MrMEarlyHumansProject/Images/SumerianAchievements/MesopotamianClayTabletGeometryPlacard_large.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three gold cups from Ur
http://www.mitchellteachers.org/WorldHistory/MrMEarlyHumansProject/Images/SumerianAchievements/ThreeGoldCupsPlacard_large.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

theocratic socialism = a planned society administered from a central location (or temple)
Sumerian Gods
Anu - the sky god and head of pantheon
Ishtar - the queen of heaven and wife of Anu
Abu - god of vegetation
Enki - god of wisdom
Enlil - "lord of breath"
Indugud - storm god
Shamash - sun god
 
Inanna or Ishtar.  Sumerian.  c. 2,000 BC.
http://www.alphabetvsgoddess.com/images/innana.jpg




 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nanna Ziggurat or Ziggurat of King Urnammu, Ur (El Muqeiyar), Iraq. c. 2100 BCE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Artist's rendition of Nanna Ziggurat

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Female Head, from Uruk (Warka). C. 3500 - 3000 B.C. Limestone, height 8".
http://www.uned.es/geo-1-historia-antigua-universal/COSAS%20NUEVAS/fotos_irak3.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Statues from the Abu Temple, Tell Asmar, Iraq. c. 2700 - 2500 B.C.
Limestone, alabaster, and gypsum, height of tallest figure approx. 30".