Forum of Augustus
Ara Pacis. c. 13 – 9 BC. Marble, width of altar approx. 35'.
Pont du Gard, Nimes, France. Early 1st century AD.
Arch of Titus, Rome. 81 AD. Marble, height 7' 10".
Spoils from the Temple in Jerusalem. Relief in passageway, Arch of Titus, Rome. 81 AD. Marble, height 7' 10".
Egyptian Obelisk from Luxor
Column of Trajan, Rome. 106 – 13 AD. Marble, height of relief band approx. 50".
Lower portion of the Column of Trajan, Rome. 106 – 13 AD. Marble, height of relief band approx. 50".
Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius. 161 – 80 AD. Bronze, over-lifesize. Piazza del Campidoglio, Rome.
First Style "The Masonry Style" goal = imitate the appearance of expensive marble panels placed, using painted stucco relief
Surface of the wall emphasize
First Style painting, Samnite House, Herculaneum, late 2nd century BCE.
Second Style Second Style began to grow in popularity around 100 BC goal = to dissolve the confining walls of a room and replace them with the illusion of an imaginary three-dimensional world
Emphasis on fantasy space
Garden Scene. Detail of a wall painting from the dining room of the Villa of Livia at Primaporta. Late 1st century BCE.
Cityscape. Detail of a wall from a bedroom in the House of Publius Fannius Synistor. Late 1st century CE.
Initiation Rites of the Cult of Bacchus in the Villa of the Mysteries, Pompeii. Wall painting. c. 60 BCE.
Third Style 20 BC through mid first century AD goal = Decoration of wall space with delicate, linear fantasies sketched on predominantly monochrome backgrounds Presented in frames, similar to modern painted canvas
Fourth Style Popular during the time of the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius goal = unites elements of the preceding styles into one style most intricate of the styles Ixion Room, House of the Vettii, Pompeii.
c. 70 – 79 AD.