July 19
Imperial Rome

 

 

 

Forum of Augustus
http://en.mercatiditraiano.it/sede/area_archeologica/foro_di_augusto

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ara Pacis. c. 13 – 9 BC. Marble, width of altar approx. 35'.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:AraPacisFullFrontal2.JPG

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pont du Gard, Nimes, France. Early 1st century AD.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Arch of Titus, Rome. 81 AD. Marble, height 7' 10".
http://legacy.earlham.edu/~vanbma/20th%20century/images/surveydayten.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spoils from the Temple in Jerusalem. Relief in passageway, Arch of Titus, Rome. 81 AD. Marble, height 7' 10".
http://legacy.earlham.edu/~vanbma/20th%20century/images/surveydayten.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Egyptian Obelisk from Luxor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Louxor_obelisk_Paris_dsc00780.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Column of Trajan, Rome. 106 – 13 AD. Marble, height of relief band approx. 50".
Lower portion of the Column of Trajan, Rome. 106 – 13 AD. Marble, height of relief band approx. 50".
http://legacy.earlham.edu/~vanbma/20th%20century/images/surveydayten.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius. 161 – 80 AD. Bronze, over-lifesize. Piazza del Campidoglio, Rome.
http://legacy.earlham.edu/~vanbma/20th%20century/images/surveydayten.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

First Style
"The Masonry Style"
 
goal = imitate the appearance of expensive marble panels placed, using painted stucco relief
 
Surface of the wall emphasize

First Style painting, Samnite House, Herculaneum, late 2nd century BCE.
http://legacy.earlham.edu/~vanbma/20th%20century/images/surveydayten.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Second Style
Second Style began to grow in popularity around 100 BC
 
goal = to dissolve the confining walls of a room and replace them with the illusion of an imaginary three-dimensional world
 
Emphasis on fantasy space

Garden Scene. Detail of a wall painting from the dining room of the Villa of Livia at Primaporta. Late 1st century BCE.
http://legacy.earlham.edu/~vanbma/20th%20century/images/surveydayten.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cityscape. Detail of a wall from a bedroom in the House of Publius Fannius Synistor. Late 1st century CE.
http://picasaweb.google.com/clements.peter/MetropolitanMuseum#5502006843974264018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Initiation Rites of the Cult of Bacchus in the Villa of the Mysteries, Pompeii. Wall painting. c. 60 BCE.
http://legacy.earlham.edu/~vanbma/20th%20century/images/surveydayten.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Third Style
20 BC through mid first century AD
 
goal = Decoration of wall space with delicate, linear fantasies sketched on predominantly monochrome backgrounds
 
Presented in frames, similar to modern painted canvas

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fourth Style
Popular during the time of the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius
 
goal = unites elements of the preceding styles into one style most intricate of the styles
Ixion Room, House of the Vettii, Pompeii.
c. 70 – 79 AD.