July 18
Roman Republic

 

 

 

Pont Du Gard (Roman aqueduct). Nimes, France. Late 1st Century BCE.
http://www.bestourism.com/medias/dfp/1474

 

Roman Cement

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Flavian Amphitheater (Colosseum). Rome, 70 - 80 CE.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Gladiator & Sex Appeal

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pantheon. Rome, c. 118 - 128 CE.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Recreation of original design for Pantheon and surrounding architecture

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diagram of Pantheon's hemispheric dome

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pantheon aerial
http://www.fransite.net/Klassiek/Romeins/kunst/slides/Aerial%20view%20of%20the%20Pantheon,%20Rome,%20Italy,%20118–125%20CE..html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Historical Context
510 BCE
Overthrow of last Etruscan king
c. 509 - 27 BCE
Roman Republic
451 BCE
"The Twelve Tables" first codification of Roman law
c. 450 - 323 BCE
Classic Greek culture
399 BCE
Death of Socrates
387 BCE
Rome destroyed by Celts
269 BCE
Start of Roman silver coinage
250 BCE
Romans begin large-scale importation of art from conquered lands
146 BCE
Rome defeats Corinth in third Punic War
48 - 47 BCE
Caesar and Cleopatra in Egypt together
44 BCE
Julius Caesar assasinated
27 BCE - 395 CE
Roman Empire
Octavian receives honorary title Augustus
67 CE
Apostles Peter and Paul put to death
79 CE
Eruption of Mt. Vesuvius
98 - 117 CE
Empire experiences largest extent under Emperor Titus
313 CE
Edict of Milan grants freedom of religion to Christians
330 CE
Constantinople becomes Capital of empire
395 CE
Division of Empire

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hagesandros, Polydorus, and Athenodorus. Laocoon group, 1st c BCE Roman copy after Greek original. 7'.
http://legacy.earlham.edu/~vanbma/20th%20century/images/surveydayten.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

patricians = wealthy upper class
plebians = lower class

 

Roman Patrician with Busts of his Ancestors. Late 1st century BCE. Marble, lifesize.
http://legacy.earlham.edu/~vanbma/20th%20century/images/surveydayten.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aulus Metellus (L' Arringatore or the Orator). c. 80 BCE, Bronze. Height 5' 11".
http://www.oneonta.edu/faculty/farberas/arth/images/109images/roman/republican/arringatore.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

verism = meticulous realism
Head of a Roman Patrician. c. 80 BCE. Marble.
http://www.oneonta.edu/faculty/farberas/arth/images/109images/roman/republican/head.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Portrait Head, from Delos. c. 80 BC. Bronze, 12 ¾".
http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_vj8YfqBvLKI/SRZa43qjhUI/AAAAAAAAAMY/DZfCcR41pjY/s1600-h/Delos+Portrait+Head.jpg
Portrait of Pompey the Great. 30 CE Copy of sculpture of 50 BCE. Marble, 9 1/4".
http://legacy.earlham.edu/~vanbma/20th%20century/images/surveydayten.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Augustus of Primaporta. Roman copy c. 20 AD of a Roman original of c. 15 BCE. Marble, height 6'8".
http://legacy.earlham.edu/~vanbma/20th%20century/images/surveydayten.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Doryphoros (Spear Bearer). Roman copy after an original of
c. 450 – 440 BCE by Polykleitos. Marble, height 6' 6".

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hermes. Roman copy after an original of c. 320 – 310 BC., by Praxiteles. Marble, height 7'1".
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b6/Hermes_di_Prassitele%2C_at_Olimpia%2C_front.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Menkuare and His Wife, Qheen Khamerernebty, from Giza. C. 2515 BC. Slate, height 54 ½".