Pont Du Gard (Roman aqueduct). Nimes, France. Late 1st Century BCE.
Flavian Amphitheater (Colosseum). Rome, 70 - 80 CE.
The Gladiator & Sex Appeal
Pantheon. Rome, c. 118 - 128 CE.
Recreation of original design for Pantheon and surrounding architecture
Diagram of Pantheon's hemispheric dome
Historical Context 510 BCE Overthrow of last Etruscan king c. 509 - 27 BCE Roman Republic 451 BCE "The Twelve Tables" first codification of Roman law c. 450 - 323 BCE Classic Greek culture 399 BCE Death of Socrates 387 BCE Rome destroyed by Celts 269 BCE Start of Roman silver coinage 250 BCE Romans begin large-scale importation of art from conquered lands 146 BCE Rome defeats Corinth in third Punic War 48 - 47 BCE Caesar and Cleopatra in Egypt together 44 BCE Julius Caesar assasinated 27 BCE - 395 CE Roman Empire Octavian receives honorary title Augustus 67 CE Apostles Peter and Paul put to death 79 CE Eruption of Mt. Vesuvius 98 - 117 CE Empire experiences largest extent under Emperor Titus 313 CE Edict of Milan grants freedom of religion to Christians 330 CE Constantinople becomes Capital of empire 395 CE Division of Empire
Hagesandros, Polydorus, and Athenodorus. Laocoon group, 1st c BCE Roman copy after Greek original. 7'.
patricians = wealthy upper class
plebians = lower class
Roman Patrician with Busts of his Ancestors. Late 1st century BCE. Marble, lifesize.
Aulus Metellus (L' Arringatore or the Orator). c. 80 BCE, Bronze. Height 5' 11".
verism = meticulous realism Head of a Roman Patrician. c. 80 BCE. Marble.
Portrait Head, from Delos. c. 80 BC. Bronze, 12 ¾".
Portrait of Pompey the Great. 30 CE Copy of sculpture of 50 BCE. Marble, 9 1/4".
Augustus of Primaporta. Roman copy c. 20 AD of a Roman original of c. 15 BCE. Marble, height 6'8".
The Doryphoros (Spear Bearer). Roman copy after an original of
c. 450 – 440 BCE by Polykleitos. Marble, height 6' 6".
Hermes. Roman copy after an original of c. 320 – 310 BC., by Praxiteles. Marble, height 7'1".
Menkuare and His Wife, Qheen Khamerernebty, from Giza. C. 2515 BC. Slate, height 54 ½".