July 14
Etruscan and Roman Art

 

 

 

The Battle of Issos or Battle of Alexander and the Persians.
Mosaic copy from Pompeii of a Hellenistic painting of c. 315 BCE. 8'11" X 16' 9 ½".
http://legacy.earlham.edu/~vanbma/20th%20century/images/surveydayseven.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Audience Hall of Darius and Xerxes, Persepolis, Iran. c. 500 BCE.
http://www.britannica.com/bps/media-view/110182/1/0/0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pythokritos of Rhodes (?). Nike of Samothrace. c. 200 - 190 BCE. Marble, height 8'.
http://www.logosfoundation.org/kunstgeschiedenis/nike.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Etruscan Art
c. 700 - 509 BCE

 

Italy in Etruscan Times
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Etruscan_civilization_map.png

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Etruscan Timeline
   
Villanovan
9th to 8th century BCE
Comparable to the Geometric period in Greece
Orientalizing phase
mid 8th to mid 6th century BCE
7th and 6th centuries BCE Etruscans reach height of power
Archaic period
mid 6th to mid 4th century BCE
Coincides with Greek Archaic period
Heavy Greek influence

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Banditaccia Necropolis, Cerveteri, seventh to second centuries BCE.
http://a716.ac-images.myspacecdn.com/images01/101/l_a9d9e7611a2e4e601ed5221ea812ef9b.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fibula with Orientalizing lions, from the Regolini-Galassi Tomb, Cerveteri, c. 650 - 640 BCE. Gold, appprox. 12 ½" high.
http://www.fransite.net/Klassiek/Romeins/kunst/slides/Fibula%20with%20Orientalizing
%20lions,%20from%20the%20Regolini-Galassi%20Tomb,%20Cerveteri,%20Italy,%20ca.%20650–640%20BCE.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Model of a typical Etruscan temple of the sixth century BCE,
as described by Vitruvius.
http://www.fransite.net/Klassiek/Romeins/kunst/slides/Model%20of%20a%20typical%20
Etruscan%20temple%20of%20the%20sixth%20century%20BCE,%20as%20described%20by%20Vitruvius.html

Similiarities Between Etruscan & Greek Temples:
Gable roof
Columns
Triangular cornice

 

 

 

Differences Between:
Etruscan rest on tall podium base
Etruscan only approached via a narrow stairway on the south side
Etruscan deep porch
Columns only found in front of Etruscan temples
Columns placed in two rows in Etruscan temples
Cella of the Etruscan temple is divided into three sections

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Apollo, from Veii. c. 510 BC Terra-cotta, height 69".
http://www.fransite.net/Klassiek/Romeins/kunst/slides/Apulu%20(Apollo),
%20from%20the%20roof%20of%20the%20Portonaccio%20Temple,%20Veii,%20Italy,%20ca.%20510–500%20BCE.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Standing Youth (Kouros). c. 600 BCE.
Marble, height 6' 1 1/2".
http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-dOLTGvnSJWc/TbocATFF8qI/AAAAAAAAADE/ZET_YmdPELY/s1600/kouros.jpg
Apollo, from Veii. c. 510 BCE.
Terra-cotta, height 69".
http://www.fransite.net/Klassiek/Romeins/kunst/slides/Apulu%20(Apollo),
%20from%20the%20roof%20of%20the%20Portonaccio%20Temple,%20Veii,%20Italy,%20ca.%20510–500%20BCE.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sarcophagus, from Cerveteri. c. 520 BCE. Terra-cotta, length 6' 7".

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Burial Chamber. Tomb of the Reliefs, Cerveteri, Italy. 3rd century BCE.
http://www.fransite.net/Klassiek/Romeins/kunst/slides/Interior%20of%20the%20T
omb%20of%20the%20Reliefs,%20Cerveteri,%20Italy,%20third%20century%20BCE.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Engraved back of a mirror. c. 400 BCE. Bronze, diameter 6".
http://yama-bato.tumblr.com/post/2888309622/etruscan-bronze-mirror-of-chalchas-the-seer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capitoline Wolf, from Rome, Italy, ca. 500 – 480 BCE.
http://www.fransite.net/Klassiek/Romeins/kunst/slides/Capitoline%20Wolf,%20from%20Rome,%20Italy,%20ca.%20500–480%20BCE.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Google Earth Ancient Rome 3D

http://www.wired.com/images_blogs/photos/uncategorized/2008/11/14/ancient_rome_3d.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Temple of Fortuna Virilis c. 100 BCE. Tufa and Travertine.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:TempleOfPortunus-ForumBoarium.jpg