July 12
Greek Classic Period

 

 

 

Red-Figure Style
"In the last third of the sixth century BCE, while many painters were still creating handsome black-figure wares, some vase painters turned away from this meticulous process to a new technique called red-figure decoration" (Stokstad, 126.)

 

 

Red figures against black background
Internal details drawn on with fine brush dipped in slip
Less tedious technique that allowed more freedom

Theseus Slaying The Minotaur (Amphora).
Ceramic. 460 BCE.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Amphora_with_Theseus_slaying_the_Minotaur.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Euphronios. Herakles Wrestling Antaios. Red-Figure Krater. c. 510 B.C.
http://www.trentu.ca/faculty/rfitzsimons/AHCL2200Y/12-02/(02)%20Krater%20(01).jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Douris. Eos and Memnon. Interior of an Attic red-figured kylix. c. 490 – 480 BC. Diameter 10 ½".
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Eos_Memnon_Louvre_G115.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Calf-bearer. c. 570 BCE. Marble, height of entire statue 65".
Kroisos (Kouros from Anavysos). c. 525 BCE. Marble, height 6'4".
Standing Youth (Kritios Boy). c. 480 BCE. Marble, height 46".
http://www.greek-thesaurus.gr/images/a1/kritios_boy.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Classical Period
c. 480 - 323 BCE

 

Doryphoros (Spear Bearer). Roman copy after an original of c. 450 - 440 BC by Polykleitos.
Marble, height 6' 6".
http://www.utexas.edu/courses/cc302k/Greece/Greece_images/doryphoros.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Polykleitos' principle of symmetria:
"[Beauty consists] in the proportions, not the elements, but of the parts, that is to say, of finger to finger, and of all the fingers to the palm and the wrist, and of these to the forearm, and of the forearm to the upper arm, and of all the other parts to each other" - Gardner's History of Art
 
contrapposto - the cross-balancing of supporting and free elements in a figure
 
How Art Made the World
Doryphoros (Spear Bearer). Roman copy after an original of c. 450 - 440 BCE by Polykleitos. Marble.
http://www.rosicrucian.org/publications/digest/digest1_2009/05
_web/06_mccague/06_01_doryphoros.jpg
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Riace Warrior A, found in the sea off Riace, Italy. c. 450 BCE. Bronze, height 6' 8".
Riace Warrior B, found in the sea off Riace, Italy.
c. 450 BCE. Bronze, height 6' 8".

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Riace Warriors A and B details
http://www.lessing-photo.com/dispimg.asp?i=10010531+&cr=12&cl=1
http://www.mlahanas.de/Greeks/Arts/RiaceWarrirorB.html

 

Lost-Wax Casting Process

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Zeus (or Poseidon). c. 460 - 450 BCE. Bronze, height 6' 10".
http://archives.evergreen.edu/webpages/curricular/2006-2007/greeceanditaly/zeus-or-poseidon-c-460-bc-bronze-just-over-life-size/index.html