Making a Print

 

Robert Mapplethorpe, Two Men Dancing, 1984.
http://www.darkbeautymag.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/Robert-Mapplethorpe-Two-Men-Dancing-1984.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Making a Test Exposure Strip
   
Supplies:
Negative
Negative carrier
Printing frame
1 sheet photo paper
 
Prepare
Using cutter outside dark room, cut photo paper into 1 inch strips
Place test strips in black envelope
Place negative in carrier emulsion side down
Check negative for dust
Set enlarger lens to widest opening (lowest f-number)
Turn on enlarger and make sure that image will project large enough to cover 8 X 10 paper. Move enlarger up and down to adjust.
Focus image on table
Turn off enlarger and make sure timer is not set
 
Make Exposure
Change enlarger lens opening to f8 or f11 (note your f-stop)
Place test strip under easel glass diagonal to your picture plane
Make 5 sec exposure to entire strip
Cover 4/5 of strip with cardboard and expose for 5 sec
Cover 3/5 of strip with cardboard and expose for 5 sec
Cover 2/5 of strip with cardboard and expose for 5 sec
Cover 1/5 of strip with cardboard and expose for 5 sec
 
Exposure Test Strip
http://www.saatchigallery.com/imgs/artists/thumbs/broomberg_
&_oliver_chanarin_adam/20121003022326_AB_OC_strip_test_1.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Developing Your Test Strip
   
Developer
Take strip out of frame
Slide strip into developer, emulsion side down
Turn strip over and agitate for 90 sec
Take strip out of developer and let drip 5 sec
Stop Bath
Immerse strip in stop bath for 30 sec while agitating
Take stripout of stop bath and drip for 2 sec
 
Fix
Slip strip into fixer and agitate 1 min
At this point, you can check your strip by placing it in a tray and walking out to hallway
Place print back in fixer for 5 min
 
Wash
Place strip in wash tray for at least 5 min - or throw away
 
Ilse Bing, Self-Portrait in Mirrors, 1931.
http://idiommag.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/06/moma1.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Troubleshooting
 
Underexposed negative
Too dark (looks too light) - use smaller aperture (higher f-number) or decrease exposure time
 
Overexposed negative
Too light (looks too dark) - use wider aperture (lower f-number) or increase exposure time
 
Underdeveloped print
Too dark - decrease development time > 90 sec
 
Overdeveloped print
Too light - increase development time < 90 sec
 
Over and Under Exposure and Developing
http://static.squarespace.com/static/5254be44e4b0e9fd10b5bc42/
t/53e18c3ee4b0ca9d576773cc/1407290430859/?format=500w

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Making Your Print
   
Supplies:
Negative in carrier
Printing frame
1 sheet photo paper
 
Prepare
Before removing paper from envelope, test light & timer
Set f-stop according to your tests
Open the enlarger's lens to its largest opening to produce the brightest image for focusing
Turn the enlarger light on without the timer using the second to last button on the bottom right of the timer
Position the easel in the area you plan to print
Adjust the enlarger to crop out or include elements you want in your print
Focus your image with the knob to the left of the lens
 
Exposure
Using your test strip, determine the best exposure aperture and time
Start timer
 
Develop print
 
Man Ray, Tears, 1930 - 32.
http://www.getty.edu/art/gettyguide/artObjectDetails?artobj=44253&handle=li

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Evaluating Your Test Strip
   
Always go out into hallway or classroom
 
All exposures too light - retest using wider aperture or longer exposure
One stop wider aperture darkens the print equal to doubling the exposure time
 
All exposures too dark - use smaller aperture or shorter exposure
One stop smaller aperture lightens the print equal to cutting the exposure time in half
Photographer's Rule - Expose for the shadows and develop for the highlights.
August Sander, High School Student, Cologne, 1926.
http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/1987.1100.82

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Making Your First Print
http://www.jonathanphotos.com/Pictures/Asia%20web/Thailand/Chiang%20Mai/
Elephant%20Kissing%20Embrace%20Black%20and%20White%20web%201000%20n%2072.jpg