Making a Contact Sheet










Making a Contact Print
Negatives in sheet
Printing frame
1 sheet photo paper
Before removing paper from envelope, test light & timer
Place negatives, emulsion side down, on photo paper
Place paper & negatives into printing frame
Make Exposure
Set enlarger lens to f11
Raise enlarger head all the way up to expose entire sheet
Set timer for 8 to 10 seconds (you may have to adjust time)
Start timer
Alfred Stieglitz, Georgia O'Keefe, 1918.'Keeffe-(hands).jpg











Take paper out of frame
Slide paper into developer, emulsion side down
Turn paper over and agitate for 90 sec
Take paper out of developer and let drip 5 sec
Stop Bath
Immerse paper in stop bath for 30 sec while agitating
Take paper out of stop bath and drip for 2 sec
Slip paper into fixer and agitate frequently for 1 min
At this point, you can check your print by placing it in a tray and walking out to hallway
Place print back in fixer and agitate occasionally for 5 min
Place print in wash tray for at least 5 min
Paul Strand, Blind, 1916.












If your negatives:
are black or very opaque
film was exposed to light before developing
are pretty dark, but an image is visible
film was overexposed and / or overdeveloped
are pretty clear, but an image is visible
film was underexposed and / or underdeveloped
are completely clear
film did not move through the camera
have blue or pink splotches
incorrect loading of film on reel
are unevenly developed
overdeveloped or didn't fill the canister with enough developer
Underexposed negative
Too dark - use smaller aperture (higher f-number) or decrease exposure time
Overexposed negative
Too light - use wider aperture (lower f-number) or increase exposure time
Underdeveloped print
Too dark - decrease development time > 90 sec
Overdeveloped print
Too light - increase development time < 90 sec
Over and Under Exposure and Developing






















Making Your First Print