Details, Details
 

"Art is never finished, only abandoned." - Leonardo da Vinci

 
Reminder! Iconographic Analysis due on Thursday, February 16
Masaccio, Tribute Money, c. 1427.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

tempera  = a fast drying, water-based paint that
uses egg yolk as a binder
oil paint = a slow drying paint that
uses lindseed oil as a binder

Birth of Venus

Arnolfini Marriage

Sandro Botticelli, The Birth of Venus, c. 1484-86.
Tempera on canvas.
Jan van Eyck, Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini (?) and His Wife, Giovanna Cenami, 1434. Oil on panel.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jan van Eyck, Ghent Altarpiece (open), completed 1432.

 

The Ghent Altarpiece in one hundred billion pixels

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jan van Eyck. Adam and Eve details of the Ghent Altarpiece.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jan van Eyck, Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and His Wife, Giovanna Cenami, 1434.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jan van Eyck, Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and His Wife, Giovanna Cenami (detail), 1434.

 

 

glaze = a thin layer of translucent oil paint

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Arnolfini Marriage
Cimabue, Madonna Enthroned,
c. 1280 - 1290. Tempera on panel.
Jan van Eyck, Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini (?) and His Wife, Giovanna Cenami (?), 1434. Oil on panel.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Panofsky's Three Levels of Art Historical Understanding:
  • Primary or natural subject matter - the most basic level of understanding; identification of objects and subjects in a work without cultural understanding of the elements.
  • Secondary or conventional - considers the cultural context of a work and its iconographic or symbolic meaning.
  • Tertiary or intrinsic - considers the personal, technical, and cultral context of the work along with its iconographic meaning. This level of understanding sees the work as a product of a socio-cultural environment and seeks to synthesize multiple layers of understanding.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rogier van der Weyden, Deposition, c. 1442.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Van der Weyden's style:
Solid, dimensional figures
Individualized portraits
High emotionalism
Balanced color scheme
trompe l'oeil = "fools the eye," a form of illusionistic painting that attempts to represent an object as existing in three dimensions at the surface of the painting
Rogier Van der Weyden, Crucifixion, c. 1440.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Idealization = a process in art through which artists strive to make their forms and figures attain perfection, based on pervading cultural values and/ or their own mental image of beauty

 

Rogier van der Weyden, Portrait of a Lady, c. 1460.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hugo van der Goes, Portinari Altarpiece, c. 1474 - 1476.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hugo van der Goes, Portinari Altarpiece, c. 1474 - 1476.
   
Symbolism in Portinari Alatarpiece:
Grain =
Bethlehem and Communion bread
 
Glass jar & white Iris =
purity of the Virgin
Purple columbine =
Virgin's sorrow
 
Three Irises =
holy trinity
Red carnations =
the Trinity
 
Red Lily =
blood of Christ
Discarded shoe =
holy ground
 
Columbines =
sorrow

Scarlet Lily =

blood and passion of Christ
 

 

 
   
Hierarchic/ hieratic scale = the use of different sizes for significant or holy figures and those of the everyday world to indicate importance. The larger the figure, the greater the importance