Early Renaissance in Northern Europe
Als ich chan = "The best that I am capable of doing"
Jan van Eyck, Man in a Red Turban, 1433.











Early Renaissance Map

Renaissance = 14th century to 17th century
Northern Renaissance
art in Netherlands, Germany and Normandy
1400 - 1550
Early Renaissance
Italian art in Tuscany
1400 - 1500
High Renaissance
Italian art in Rome, Florence and Venice
1500 - 1527
art in Florence, Rome, Venice, Spain and France
1520 - 1600











Petrus Christus, A Goldsmith (Saint Eligius?) in His Shop, 1449.
Perugino, Christ Delivering the Keys to Saint Peter,
c. 1481 - 1482.
Differences between Early Renaissance in the North and in Italy
      • Humanism does not make a great impact in North until 15th century
      • Northern artists did not entirely reject the preceding Gothic style
      • Northern artists more concerned with Christianity than Classical mythology
      • New style evident mostly in painting in the North











Robert Campin, Merode Altarpiece (Triptych of the Annunciation), c. 1425 - 1428.












Altars and Altarpieces











disguised symbolism = elements of a painting that are treated as an ordinary part of the scene,
but that carry symbolic meaning
Robert Campin, Merode Altarpiece (Triptych of the Annunciation), c. 1425 - 1428.
Flowers =

associated with the Virgin

No flame =

God has become human, “the Word was made flesh”

Lilies =

Mary's virginity


Radiance of the Lord’s presence has overcome material light

Roses =
Virgin’s charity
Boxlike objects on workbench and window ledge =


Violets =
Virgin’s humility

According to St. Augustine, God had to appear on earth in human form to fool Satan: “the cross of the Lord was the devil’s mousetrap”

Basin & towel =

Mary as the “vessel most clean”