Mary Cassatt, Little Girl in a Blue Arm Chair, 1878.











Victorine Meurent
Salon des Refuses = Salon of the Rejected 1863
Avant-garde = artists or works that are novel or experimental
Relates to the military term for soldiers who explore the battlefield ahead of the advancing army
Suggests a small group of intellectuals that open pathways through new cultural or political terrain for society to follow
Edouard Manet, Victorine Meurent in the
Costume of an Espada, 1862.











Adolphe William Bougureau, Charity, 1878.
Cabanel, Nymph and Satyr, 1860.











James Abott McNeill Whistler, Nocturne in Blue and Gold: Old Battersea Bridge, c. 1872 - 1877.











James Abott McNeill Whistler, Nocturne in Black and Gold (The Falling Rocket), 1875.











Claude Monet, Impression: Sunrise, 1872.











1874 -1890


The Impressionists radically departed from Academic art by rejecting:
  • Linear perspective
  • Balanced composition
  • Idealized figures
  • Chiaroscuro
  • Painting in the controlled environment of the studio
Monet, Monet Family, 1874.











The Impressionists were interested in:
  • Representing immediate visual sensations through color and light
  • Depicting the fleeting qualities of color
  • Experimenting with short, choppy brushstrokes
Claude Monet, Madame Monet with Her Son, 1875.










Claude Monet, Terrace at Sainte-Adresse, 1867.











Moulin de la Galette

Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Moulin de la Galette, 1876.


Moulin de la Galette = the Pancake Mill, an old-fashioned Sunday afternoon dance hall











Edgar Degas, The Rehearsal on Stage, c. 1874.











Mary Cassatt, Woman in a Loge, 1879.











Mary Cassat, Mother About to Wash Her Sleepy Child, 1880.
Mary Cassatt, The Boating Party, 1893 - 1894.











Berthe Morisot, Summer's Day, 1879.


"sketch aesthetics"











Woman at the Toilette

Berthe Morisot, Woman at Her Toilette, 1875.