Radical Disruptions
Mary Cassatt, Little Girl in a Blue Arm Chair, 1878.











Gustave Courbet, The Stone Breakers, 1849 (destroyed during World War II). 8 1/2' X 5' 3".









Gustave Courbet, The Painter's Studio, 1855. 12' X 19 1/2'.











Jean Francois Millet, The Gleaners, 1857.











Honore Daumier, The Third-Class Carriage, c. 1862.











Luncheon on the Grass

Edouard Manet, Luncheon on the Grass (Le Dejeuner Sur L'Herbe), 1863.


"A commonplace woman of the demimonde, as naked as can be, shamelessly lolls between two dandies dressed to the teeth. These latter look like schoolboys on a holiday, perpetrating an outrage to play the man…this is a young man's practical joke-a shameful, open sore." - Gardner's Art Through the Ages
"I myself shouldn't like to meet this young man...I should be obliged to tell him I don't understand anything about his paintings, and I don't want to be disagreeable with him." - Gustave Courbet











Pastoral Concert
Luncheon on the Grass
Titian and Giorgione, The Pastoral Concert, c. 1508.
Edouard Manet, Luncheon on the Grass, 1863.











Luncheon on the Grass
Manet breaks with convention:
  • No chiaroscuro
  • No linear perspective
  • Not a classic landscape
  • Figures do not seem to relate to one another
  • Thick and full brush strokes that call attention to the act of painting
  • Vast planes of color
  • Portion of the painting left unfinished
Edouard Manet, Luncheon on the Grass, 1863.











Edouard Manet, Olympia, 1863.











Venus of Urbino
Titian, Venus of Urbino, c. 1538.
Edouard Manet, Olympia, 1863.


Titian vs. Manet
Rounded and soft
Angular and flat
Looks lovingly at the viewer
Confronts the viewer with a cold and indifferent stare
Dog sleeps
Cat hisses