New Perspectives
   
J.M.W. Turner, Snowstorm: Snow Storm: Steam-Boat off a Harbour's Mouth, 1842.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Francisco Goya, Third of May 1808, 1814 - 1815.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Neoclassicism
Romanticism

Oath of the Horatii

Third of May 1808
Jacques-Louis David, Oath of the Horatii, 1784 - 1785.
Francisco Goya, Third of May 1808, 1814 - 1815.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Francisco Goya, Nude Maja, c. 1797 - 1800.
Francisco Goya, Clothed Maja, c. 1800.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Saturn Devouring His Children
Francisco Goya, Witches' Flight, 1797 - 1798.
Francisco Goya, Saturn Devouring His Children, 1819 - 1823.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raft of the Medusa

Theodore Gericault, Raft of the Medusa, 1818 - 1819.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Theodore Gericault, Study of Hands and Feet, 1818 - 1819.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raft of the Medusa
Jacques-Louis David, Oath of the Horatii, 1784 - 1785.
Theodore Gericault, Raft of the Medusa, 1818 - 1819.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eugene Delacroix, Death of Sardanapalus, 1827.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eugene Delacroix, Liberty Leading the People, 1830.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ingres vs. Delacroix
 
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, Odalisque with a Slave, 1839 - 1840.
Eugene Delacroix, Women of Algiers, 1834.
   
Those who favored line favored Ingres
Those who favored color favored Delacroix
  • Superb draftsmanship
  • Supreme colorist
  • Emphasis on line
  • Emphasis on drama and emotion
  • Ideal form
  • More painterly form
  • Delacroix called the art of Ingres "the complete expression of an incomplete intellect"
  • Ingres instrumental in preventing Delacroix's election into Academeie des Beaux Arts until 1857

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Romantic Landscape Painting

 

Caspar David Friedrich, Monk by the Sea, 1808 - 1810.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Romantic Landscape Painting
 
Romantic landscape painting generally took two forms:
 
The dramatic:
The naturalistic:
  • Emphasized turbulent or fantastic natural scenery
  • Presented closely observed images of tranquil nature
  • Aimed to stir viewer's emotions and arouse feeling of the sublime
  • Meant to communicate religious reverence of the landscape
  • Sublime = tending to inspire awe because of outstanding spiritual, intellectual or moral worth
  • Counteracta the alienating effects of industrialization

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Caspar David Friedrich, Two Men Contemplating the Moon, 1819 - 1820.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Caspar David Friedrich, Wanderer Above a Sea of Mist, 1824.