Romanticism
   
Jacques-Louis David, Napoleon in His Study at the Tuilaries, 1812.
Francisco de Goya, Portrait of Nicolas Philippe Guye, 1810.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Events of the American Revolution
1775 - 1783
 
1773
Boston Tea Party
1775
Battle of Lexington and Concord
1776
Declaration of Independence
1787-1788
Constitution ratified
1789
George Washington elected first President
   
John Singleton Copley, Paul Revere, c. 1768 - 1770.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

George Washington
George Washington
Jean-Antoine Houdon, George Washington, 1788 - 1792.
Horatio Greenough, George Washington, 1832 - 1834.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

John Trumbull, The Death of General Warren at the Battle of Bunker’s Hill, June 17, 1775, 1786.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Death of General Wolfe

Benjamin West, The Death of General Wolfe, 1770.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Death of General Wolfe
Benjamin West, The Death of General Wolfe, 1770.

John Trumbull, The Death of General Warren at the Battle of Bunker’s Hill, June 17, 1775, 1786.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Historic Context
Industrial Revolution 1760 - 1830
  • Rural poor move to new factory towns in search of employment
  • Growth of cities
  • Growth of capitalism

 

Numerous reform movements
  • Worker's and tenant's rights movements in Europe and America
  • Women's Suffrage movement
  • Abolitionist movement

 

Numerous inventions improve daily life
  • Telegraph
  • Telephone
  • Radio
  • Electric lights

 

Medical advancements dramatically reduce death rate
  • Vaccines
  • Pasteurization
  • Antiseptics
  • Sterilization methods

 

Science continues to challenge religious beliefs
  • Geologists conclude that Earth is much older than 6,000 years
  • Darwin proposes that all life evolved from common ancestor

 

1793 Louvre opened as first public museum
  • David becomes first director

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Romanticism = General term used to describe late 18th century to early 19th century trend in art that stressed strong emotion and emphasized imagination
   
key principles = freedom and individuality

Large Odalisque

 
Characteristics of Romantic painting:
  • Loose, fluid brushwork
  • Strong colors
  • Expressive poses and gestures
  • Drew on literary sources
  • Often engaged in social criticism
  • Exoticising
 
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, Large Odalisque, 1814.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jacques-Louis David, Madame Recamier, 1800.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

odalisque = female slave in the harem of a Turkish sultan
 
   
Large Odalisque
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, Grande Odalisque, 1814.
Canova, Pauline Borghese as Venus Victorious, 1808.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Antoine-Jean Gros, Napoleon in the Plague House at Jaffa, 1804.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Francisco Goya, The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters, 1796 - 1798.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Francisco Goya, Family of Charles IV, 1800.