Setting the Stage
la rinascita = rebirth; term used to describe a period in European history from the 14th to 15th century; first used in Giorgio Vasari's Lives of the Artists, 1550

Student Note Taker Request
Roettgen Pieta, Germany, c. 1300 - 1325.











The Middle Ages


Fall of the Roman Empire

859 - 1088

First universities established


Norman conquest of England

1095 - 1099

First Crusade called by the Pope to retake the Holy Lands from the Muslims
Black Death


Persecution of witches begins in France


Invention of wearable eyeglasses


Dry mariner's compass developed after ancient Chinese models

1337 - 1453

Hundred Years' War between France and England


Black Death kills about 75 million people worldwide

1378 - 1417

Great Schism divides the Roman Catholic Church into eastern and western traditions

1387 - 1400

Chaucer writes the Canterbury Tales












The Black Death (Bubonic Plague) began in 1346, and quickly spread throughout Europe until 1353.
It is estimated that 30 to 60% of Europe's population was killed by the plague.










February page
Paul, Herman and Jean Limbourg, Page with February and June from Tres Riches Heures, 1413 - 1416.











West façade Chartres Cathedral, France, c. 1145 - 1155.











Rose Window, South facade, Chartres Cathedral. c. 1150 - 1170. Stained glass.











Madonna Enthroned

Madonna Enthroned, late 13th century. Tempera on panel.










Chi-Rho Monogram from the Book of Kells, late 8th century.











Detail of Christ of the Pentacost. Saint Madeleine Cathedral, France. 1125 - 1150.





















Saint Michael's, Hildesheim, Germany, 1001 - 1031.
Doors with relief panels commissioned by Bishop Bernward for Saint Michael's of Hildesheim, Germany, 1015. Bronze, height approx. 16'.











God Accusing Adam & Eve, detail of the left door of Saint Michael's Cathedral, Hildesheim, Germay.
Bronze, approx. 23" X 43".











Characteristics of Renaissance art:

Ghent Adam and Eve

Reflects admiration of classic art
Sense of stability and order
Emphasis on logic and reason
Idealized form

Adam & Eve Reproached by the Lord from
the Doors of Bishop Bernward, 1015.

Jan van Eyck, Adam and Eve
(details of the Ghent Altarpiece), 1432.











Giotto di Bondone, Frescoes in the Arena Chapel, 1305 - 1306.



Official site of the Arena Chapel











Giotto di Bondone, Marriage at Cana, Raising of Lazarus, Resurrection and Noli Me Tangere, and Lamentation, 1305 - 1306.











Giotto di Bondone, The Lamentation, Arena Chapel, Italy, c. 1305.  Fresco.











The Daphne Crucifixion, 11th century.
Giotto di Bondone, Lamentation, c. 1305.











Vasari credited Giotto with “setting art upon the path that may be called the true one [for he] learned to draw accurately from life and thus put an end to the crude Greek manner.”
Giotto di Bondone, detail of The Lamentation, c. 1305.  Fresco.