Neoclassicism
   
Death of Socrates
"Viewed by many as the founding figure of Western philosophy, Socrates (469-399 BC) is at once the most exemplary and the strangest of the Greek philosophers. His style of teaching-immortalized as the Socratic Method-involved not conveying knowledge but rather asking question after clarifying question until until his students arrived at their own understanding. He wrote nothing himself, so all that is known about him is filtered through the writings of a few contemporaries and followers, most of all, his student Plato. He was accused of corrupting the youth of Athens and sentenced to death. Choosing not to flee, he spent his final days in the company of his friends before drinking the executioner’s cup of poisonous hemlock," - History Channel
 
Reminder! Exam 2 will be posted tomorrow, April 7 and is due on April 11
Jacques-Louis David, The Death of Socrates, 1787.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Francois Boucher, Diana After the Hunt, 1745.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Swing

Jean-Honore Fragonard, The Swing, c. 1768.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Meeting

Jean-Honore Fragonard, The Meeting, 1771 - 1773.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Louis and Marie were married in 1770 when he was 16 and she was 15

He became the French King, and she became the Queen of France, in 1774

Louis c. 1770
Joseph Ducreux, Marie Antoinette, 1768.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Marie Antoinette
Marie Antoinette with Rose
Elisabeth-Louise Vigee-Lebrun, Marie Antoinette en Chemise, 1783.
Elisabeth-Louise Vigee-Lebrun, Marie Antoinette with Rose, 1783.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Elisabeth-Louise Vigee-Lebrun, Portrait of Marie Antoinette with Her Children, 1787.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Significant Events of the French Revolution
1789 - 1799
 
1789
Storming of the Bastille
 
Royal family removed from Versailles under house arrest
1792
After much persuassion, Louis XVI agrees to attempt escape, but the royal family is caught within 24 hours and returned to Paris.
 
Royal family imprisoned in prison tower
 
Monarchy abolished and National Convention becomes governing body
1793
Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette convicted of high treason and beheaded
European states declare war against French Republic
1793 - 1795
Reign of Terror
Robespierre outlaws worship of God
40,000 suspected "royalists" killed
1796 - 1797
Napoleon conquers most of Italy
1798
Napoleon abolishes papal rule
1799
Napoleon controls France

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jacques-Louis David, Oath of the Horatii, 1784 - 1785. 10' 8 1/4" X 14'.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Neoclassicism = new classicism
 
Characteristics of the Neoclassic style:
  • "Severe" style with an emphasis on line, order and reason
  • Polished technique (no sign of the hand of the artist)
  • Classicizing
  • Idealized
  • Moral message
  • Clear detail
Jacques-Louis David, The Sabine Women, 1799.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Death of Marat
Jacobins = totalitarian democrats who abolished the French monarchy and presided over the reign of terror
 
The Reign of Terror = period during the French Revolution when all perceived opponents of democracy and royal supporters were killed
 
Jean-Paul Marat = Jacobin leader and writer/ publisher of several political journals
 
"I wrote to you this morning, Marat, have you received my letter? I could not believe you had, as they refused me admittance; I trust that tomorrow you will accord me an interview. I repeat that I come from Caen. I have secrets to reveal to you of the utmost importance to the safety of the Republic. Besides all this, I am persectured for the cause of liberty. I am unhappy; this itself is sufficient to give me a claim on your protection. Charlotte Corday"
Jacques-Louis David, Death of Marat, 1793.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Death of Marat

Jacques-Louis David, Death of Marat, 1793.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"The Pieta of the Revolution"
   
Pieta
Death of Marat
Michelangelo, Pietà, c. 1500.
Jacques-Louis David, Death of Marat, 1793.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Swing
Jean-Honore Fragonard, The Swing, c. 1768.
Jacques-Louis David, The Death of Socrates, 1787.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Events of the American Revolution
1775 - 1783
 
1773
Boston Tea Party
1775
Battle of Lexington and Concord
1776
Declaration of Independence
1787-1788
Constitution ratified
1789
George Washington elected first President
   
John Singleton Copley, Paul Revere, c. 1768 - 1770.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

George Washington
George Washington
Jean-Antoine Houdon, George Washington, 1788 - 1792.
Horatio Greenough, George Washington, 1832 - 1834.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

John Trumbull, The Death of General Warren at the Battle of Bunker’s Hill, June 17, 1775, 1786.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Death of General Wolfe

Benjamin West, The Death of General Wolfe, 1770.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Death of General Wolfe
Benjamin West, The Death of General Wolfe, 1770.

John Trumbull, The Death of General Warren at the Battle of Bunker’s Hill, June 17, 1775, 1786.