August 1
Introduction

 

 

Welcome to Studies in Art!

 

Jean-Michel Basquiat.  Untitled (Red Man).  1981.
Emmerling, Leonhard.  Basquiat.  Koln: Taschen, 2003.

 

 

 

 

 

 

What is this thing we call art?

 

 

Funerary Mask of Tutankhamen .  c. 1340 B.C.E.  Gold inlaid with enamel and semiprecious stones. Height 21 1/4".
http://www.artlex.com/ArtLex/m/images/mask_tut.lg.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mona Lisa

Leonardo. Mona Lisa. c. 1503.
Stokstad, Marilyn. Art History. Revised Second ed. Vol. 2. New York: Prentice Hall Inc., and Harry N. Abrams Inc., 2005.

Dictionary definition: the quality, production or expression of what is beautiful, appealing or of more than ordinary significance
 
Exploring Art definition: art is a primarily visual medium that is used to express ideas about our human experience and the world around us
 
Art for Dummies definition: art happens when anyone in the world takes any kind of material and fashions it into a deliberate statement
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Do we consider this art?

 

 

Claude Monet. Impression: Sunrise. 1872.
Preble, Duane, Sarah Preble and Patrick Frank. Artforms. Seventh ed. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 2002.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Still Life with Chair Caning

Pablo Picasso. Still Life with Chair Caning. 1911 - 12.
Richard G. Tansey and Fred S. Kleiner, Gardner's Art Through the Ages. (Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace College Publishers, 1996) Tenth ed., 1049.

 

 

 

 

 

 

People on the Pyramid of the Sun

People on the Pyramid of the Sun
Stuart, George E. "The Timeless Vision of Teotihuacan." National Geographic. December 1995: 2 - 35.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yoko Ono. Cut Piece. 1965.
Newhall, Edith. "A Long and Winding Road." ARTnews. October 2000: 162 -165.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fountain

Marcel Duchamp. Fountain. 1917.
Stokstad, Marilyn. Art History. Revised Second ed. Vol. 2. New York: Prentice Hall Inc., and Harry N. Abrams Inc., 2005.

 

 

 

 

 

Bird in Space

Constantin Brancusi. Bird in Space. 1928?
Preble, Duane, Sarah Preble and Patrick Frank. Artforms. Seventh ed. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 2002.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Piss Christ

Andres Serrano. Piss Christ. 1987.
Hirsch, Robert. Seizing the Light: A History of Photography. Boston: McGraw Hill, 2000.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purposes of art:
Communication
Day-to-day living
Spiritual sustenance
Personal and cultural expression
Social and political purpose
Visual delight

 

 

 

 

 

 

Maya sacrificial scene

Sacrificial scene. Maya. 850-1050 AD.
Romey, KristinM. "Watery Tombs." Archaeology. July/August 2005: 44.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Portrait Head

Ceramic portrait head vessel. Moche. Early Intermediate Period.
Stone-Miller, Rebecca. Art of the Andes. Second edition. New York: Thames and Hudson, 2002.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spherical Basket

Degikup. By Louisa Keyser. Washo. 1904 - 1906.
Penney, David W. North American Indian Art. New York: Thames and Hudson, 2004.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Caravaggio. The Conversion of St. Paul. 1601.
Duane Preble, Sarah Preble and Patrick Frank, Artforms. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2002. 6th ed.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vir Heroicus Sublimis

Barnett Newman. Vir Heroicus Sublimis. 1950-51. approx. 8' X 18'

 

 

 

 

 

 

Self-Portrait as the Allegory of Painting

Artemisia Gentileschi. Self-Portrait as the Allegory of Painting. 1638-39.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Oath of the Horatii

Jacques-Louis David. Oath of the Horatii. 1784 - 85.

Stokstad, Marilyn. Art History. Revised Second ed. Vol. 2. New York: Prentice Hall Inc., and Harry N. Abrams, 2005.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yurie Nagashima.  Untitled.  2001.
Globral Feminisms catalog.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kaisersaal

Johann Balthasar Neumann. Kaisersaal (Imperial Hall). 1719 - 44.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kitchen

Liza Lou. Kitchen. 1991 - 94.
Ollman, Leah. "Liza Lou’s American Dream." Art in America. June 1998: 98-101 & 122.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Categories of Visual Art

 

 

Signboard of Gersaint

Jean-Antoine Watteau. The Signboard of Gersaint. c. 1721.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fine art = category of refined objects considered to be among the supreme cultural achievements of the human race

 

 

Pieta

Michelangelo. Pietà. c. 1500.
Richard G. Tansey & Fred S. Kleiner. Gardner's Art Through the Ages. Tenth ed. Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace College Publishers, 1996.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Popular culture = consists of magazines, comics, television, advertising, folk art, tattoos, custom cars, graffiti, video games, posters, web sites, toys, movies.  Popular art is perceived as being more accessible, inexpensive, entertaining, naïve, and entertaining than fine art

 

 

Thomas Kinkade.  Mountain Retreat.
http://www.guestlife.com/media/GuestLife/Monterey-Bay/Annual-2006/Thomas-Kinkade/kinkade-2-06.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kitsch = an object from consumer culture that is mass produced, low in quality or done in what is considered to be poor taste

 

 

http://blogs.sun.com/jag/resource/18841E.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

C.M. Coolidge.  His Station and Four Aces. 1903.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Hisstationand4aces-coolidge.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

Craft = often a utilitarian object that has a decorative aesthetic that goes beyond its practical purpose.  Objects made of glass, woven fiber, wood and ceramic are often considered crafts.

 

 

Mike Kelley. More Love Hours Than Can Ever Be Repaid. 1987.
http://www.pbs.org/art21/slideshow/?slide=834&artindex=167

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Arcadian Shepherds

Elaine Reichek. ET IN ARCADIA EGO .  2006.
Artforum.  November 2006.  p. 80.

Nicolas Poussin. The Arcadian Shepherds. c. 1638.
Fred S. Kleiner and Christin J. Mamiya, Gardner's Art Through the Ages. Twelfth ed. Vol. 1. Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace College Publishers, 2005. 2 vols.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ron Mueck.  Two Women.  2005.
http://www.flickr.com/photos/avsa/72075658/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stylistic Categories

 

 

Naturalism = a style of art with imagery that resembles what we see in the world around us

 

Ron Mueck.  A Girl.
http://image.guardian.co.uk/sys-images/Arts/Arts_/Pictures/2006/08/09/ronmueckAGirlMM372.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres. Princess de Broglie. 1853.
Tansey, Richard C. and Fred S. Kleine. Gardner's Art Through the Ages. Tenth ed. Vol. 2. Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace College Publishers, 1996. 2 vols.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Idealism = an artistic interpretation of the world as it should be according to respective cultural aesthetics.  Generally, all flaws and imperfections found in nature are removed

 

 

Knidian Aphrodite. Roman copy after an original of c. 340 - 330 BC, by Praxiteles.
Janson, H.W. and Anthony F. Janson. History of Art. Sixth edition. University of North Carolina, Wilmington: Prentice Hall, Inc., 2001.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-objective/ Nonrepresentational = art that has no recognizable imagery from the outside world

 

 

Autumn Rhythm

Jackson Pollock. Autumn Rhythm (Number 30). 1950.
Stokstad, Marilyn. Art History. Revised Second ed. Vol. 2. New York: Prentice Hall Inc., and Harry N. Abrams, 2005.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Abstract = an art style developed in Western cultures in the early 20th century.  Its imagery ranged from somewhat abstract to nonobjective forms

 

 

Summer's Day

Berthe Morisot. Summer's Day. 1879.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Theo van Doesburg.  Abstraction of a Cow.  c. 1916.
Preble, Duane and Sarah Preble.  Artforms.  Revised 7th edition.  Upper Saddle River, NJ:  Prentice Hall, 2004.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stylization = the distortion of an image or a figure according to an artistic convention or canon

 

Untitled

Barry McGee.  Untitled.  Detail.  1998 - 2002.
Hoptman, Laura. Drawing Now: Eight Propositions.  New York:  The Museum of Modern Art, 2002.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Study

Takashi Murakami.  Study for SMP Ko2.  1999. Watercolor on illustration board.
Hoptman, Laura. Drawing Now: Eight Propositions.  New York:  The Museum of Modern Art, 2002.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Monroe Diptych

Andy Warhol. Marilyn Diptych. 1962.
Preble, Duane, Sarah Preble and Patrick Frank. Artforms. Seventh ed. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 2002.