February 25
Ancient Egypt

 

 

Neolithic Period
c. 10,000 BCE
Humans move away from hunting and gathering to an agrarian lifestyle

Catal Huyuk

Catal Huyuk
http://lh3.ggpht.com/tessellar/R1BLpUfNLJI/AAAAAAAADz4/VZWf0-k6YyQ/s800/Catal+Huyuk2.jpg

 
Live in larger groups
 
Develop basic crop growing techniques and domestication of animals
 
Established permanent dwellings/ architecture
 
Developed written language
c. 5000 BCE
Fired clay pottery appears

 

 

 

 

 

 

Neolithic pottery

Neolithic Chinese Pot  c. 3500 BC
http://www.albertomanuelcheung.com/Neolithic%20Machiayao%20Jar.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stonehenge

Stonehenge.  Wiltshire, England.  c. 2000 BCE.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Stonehenge_back_wide.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stonehenge

Stonehenge.  Wiltshire, England.  c. 2000BCE.
http://www.yorku.ca/lbianchi/sts3700b/stonehenge.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stonehenge Diageram

Stonehenge diagram
http://abyss.uoregon.edu/~js/images/stonehenge_map.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earliest civilizations developed in four fertile river valleys:
Tigris and Euphrates valleys in Iraq
Nile river valley in Egypt
Indus valley in Pakistan and India
Yellow river valley in China
 
Nile valley protected by deserts
Metal and stone plentiful along Nile
but not in Mesopotamia
Nile flooded on regular, dependable schedule
Tigris and Euphrates accessible
Mesopotamians had wood and mud
Mesopotamian weather volatile

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sumerian Cuneiform writing.  c. 2800 BCE.
http://ant3145-mesopotamia.wikispaces.com/file/view/cuneiform.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ziggurat of King Ur- Nammu, Ur (El Muqeiyar), Iraq.  c. 2100 BC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ziggurat of King Ur- Nammu, Ur (El Muqeiyar), Iraq.  c. 2100 BC (recreation)
http://www.iranzameen.ir/3_2-7_RELIGION_The_ziggurat_of_Ur.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Statues from the Abu Temple, Tell Asmar, Iraq.  c. 2700 – 2500 B.C. 
Limestone, alabaster, and gypsum, height of tallest figure approx. 30”. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Palette of King Narmer.  c. 3000 BCE. (front)
http://www.tronchin.com/Art1A/lecture%204_files/image004.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

Book of the Dead

 

 

 

 

 

 

Isis

Isis nursing Horus
http://www.louvre.fr/llv/oeuvres/detail_notice.jsp?CONTENT%3C%3Ecnt_
id=10134198673225565&CURRENT_LLV_NOTICE%3C%3Ecnt_
id=10134198673225565&FOLDER%3C%3Efolder_id=9852723696500776&bmLocale=en

 

 

 

 

 

 

Egyptian mummy at the Louvre
http://img2.travelblog.org/Photos/13255/76003/f/460956-Egyptian-Mummy-at-the-Louvre-0.jpg
unwrapped mummy
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/telegraph/multimedia/archive/00659/news-graphics-2008-_659197a.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Great Pyramids of Menkaure (c. 2533 – 2515 B.C.), Khafre (c. 2570 – 2544 B.C.), and Khufu (c. 2601- 2528 B.C.), Giza.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Khufu's Pyramid

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wall Painting from the Tomb of Nebamun.  c. 1450 BCE.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Menkaure and His Wife, Queen Khamerernebty, from Giza.  c. 2515 B.C. Slate, height 54 ½”.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Howard Carter with King Tut's Sarcophagus in 1922
http://www.ideofact.com/archives/CarterandTut.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

The contents of King Tut's tomb
http://www.ashmolean.org/gri/carter/burton/p0011.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

King Tut's Coffin Lid
http://www.nationalgeographic.com/history/ancient/images/sw/king-tut-coffin-1091811-sw.jpg