May 20



Chief concerns of 70s Feminism:

Sylvia Sleigh.  The Turkish Bath.  1973.
Butler, Cornelia.  WACK!: Art and the Feminist Revolution.  Los Angeles:
The Museum of Contemporary Art, 2007.

Gain full social and economic equality
Reveal and question society's definition of women's roles
To examine the natural processes of the body long disregarded by western culture
To express (finally) the woman's identity







Yoko Ono. Cut Piece. 1965.
Newhall, Edith. "A Long and Winding Road." ARTnews. October 2000: 162 -165.


Performance Art = art where the actions of an individual or a group at a particular place and in a particular time, constitute the work







The Dinner Party

Judy Chicago. The Dinner Party. 1974 - 79.


"Meant to end the ongoing cycle of omission in which women were written out of the historical record." - Judy Chicago







Are we there yet?

Marilyn Minter .  Stepping Up . 2005.

In the US in 2006, for every $1 males earn, women earn 77 cents on average
At the present rate of progress, it will take 50 years to close the wage gap nationwide

The world's first elected female president was Vigdis Finnbogadottir of Iceland, whose term lasted from 1980 to 1996

Rwanda currently has the largest percentage of women participating in its national legislature with 49%
The United States Congress is currently comprised of 16.3% women (the world average is 9%)
In 2006, Nancy Pelosi became the first female Speaker of the House (second in presidential line of succession)
Art museums still present only an average of 15% women in curated exhibits, and a mere 4% of museum acquisitions are works by women artist - Guerrilla Girls







Detail of The Dinner Party

Dinner Party setting for Mary Wollstonecraft
Stokstad, Marilyn. Art History. Revised Second ed. Vol. 2. New York: Prentice Hall Inc., and Harry N. Abrams, 2005.

Dinner Party setting for Sojourner Truth

Dinner Party setting for Emily Dickinson

More place settings
Installation art = art that uses sculptural materials and other media to modify a particular space. It is not necessarily confined to a gallery or museum space and often incorporates the viewer into the work.







Red Canna

Georgia O'Keefe. Red Canna. c. 1924.
University of Arizona Museum of Art







Dinner Party settings for Virginia Woolf and Georgia O' Keefe

essentialism = the view that, for any specific kind of entity, there is a set of defining characteristics that the entity must possess in order to be recognized as that kind of thing. A classic example is the question of whether a tiger without stripes (an albino) is still a tiger?  The essential properties of a tiger are those without which it is no longer a tiger.







Destruction of the Father

Louise Bourgeois. The Destruction of the Father. 1974.
Preble, Duane, Sarah Preble and Patrick Frank. Artforms. Seventh ed. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 2002.







Louise Bourgeois.  Maman as installed at National Gallery of Canada. 2005.

Maman was bought by the Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao for $4 million in 2006







Louise Bourgeois. Filette (Little Girl) (Sweeter Version) . 1968.
Chadwick, Whitney. Women, Art, and Society. Third edition. New York: Thames & Hudson Ltd., 2002.

Robert Mapplethorpe. Portrait of Louise Bourgeois. 1982.
Warr, Tracey. The Artist's Body. London: Phaidon Press Ltd., 2000.