April 22
Impressionism & After

 

 

Impression: Sunrise

Claude Monet. Impression: Sunrise. 1872.
Preble, Duane, Sarah Preble and Patrick Frank. Artforms. Seventh ed. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 2002.

Salon Des Refuses held in 1863 to show the public the numerous works that had been rejected by the Academy for the annual Salon
 
 
Avant-garde = artists or art works that are novel or experimental
 
Relates to the military term for soldiers who explore the battlefield ahead of the advancing army
Suggests a small group of intellectuals who push the boundaries of what is accepted as the norm
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Impressionism - a movement among late nineteenth-century French painters who sought to present a true representation of light and color. Working primarily outdoors, such artists applied small touches of paint to catch fleeting impressions of the scenes before them. Many American artists adopted the style.

In the Garden

Berthe Morisot.  In the Garden .  c. 1884.
http://www.antiquesandfineart.com/articles/media/images/00801-00900/00845/Morisot.Garden-Maurecourt.jpg

 
The Impressionists were interested in:
Representing immediate visual sensations through color and light
Experimenting with short, choppy brushstrokes
Painting outdoors, away from the studio, and with pre-made paint
"En Plein Air" = in the open air
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Luncheon of the Boating Party

Pierre- Auguste Renoir. The Luncheon of the Boating Party. 1881.
Preble, Duane, Sarah Preble and Patrick Frank. Artforms. Seventh ed. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 2002.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mother Washing Sleepy Child

Mary Cassat. Mother Washing Sleepy Child. 1880.
Bullard, E. John. Mary Cassatt: Oils and Pastels. Watson-Guptill Publications: New York, 1998.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rehearsal on Stage

Edgar Degas. The Rehearsal on Stage. c. 1874.
Stokstad, Marilyn. Art History. Revised Second ed. Vol. 2. New York: Prentice Hall Inc., and Harry N. Abrams, 2005.

 

 

 

 

 

 

A Bar at the Folies-Bergere

Edouard Manet. A Bar at the Folies-Bergere. 1881-82.

Impressionism was strongest between 1870 and 1880
By the late 1880s, most of the group had moved on to other styles and interests
The Impressionists held their last exhibition in 1886
 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Post-Impressionism - a general term applied to various personal styles of painting that developed around 1885 to 1900 in reactio to what those artists saw as the somewhat formless and aloof quality of Impressionism.

At the Moulin Rouge

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec.  At the Moulin Rouge.  1892 - 95.
http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_juCTloVTuwE/SCnNbm5ZtvI/AAAAAAAAFyM/EK8m0KcxV4U/s400/toulouse-lautrec-at+the+moulin+rouge.jpg

 
Post-Impressionists can be broadly separated into two groups:
expressionists (Van Gogh)
formalists (Cezanne & Seurat)
 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Starry Night

Vincent van Gogh. The Starry Night. 1889.

 

Impasto = thick applications of pigment that give a painting a palpable surface texture

 

 

 

 

 

 

Self-portrait with Bandaged Ear

Vincent van Gogh. Self-portrait with Bandaged Ear. 1889.
Preble, Duane, Sarah Preble and Patrick Frank. Artforms. Seventh ed. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 2002.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dr. Gachet

Vincent Van Gogh.  Portrait of Dr. Gachet.  1890.

 

Sold at auction in 1990 for $82.5 million, making it the second most valuable painting at the time
The work may have later been sold in 1997 for $70 to 90 million
It is currently considered the 8th most expensive painting