April 20
The Avant - Garde

 

 

The Raft of the Medusa

Theodore Gericault.  The Raft of the Medusa.  1818 - 1819.
http://looknorth.files.wordpress.com/2009/04/gericaultmedusaraft2.jpeg

 

 

 

 

 

 

Study for Raft of the Medusa

study for Raft of the Medusa
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Gericault_-_study_for_Raft_of_the_Medusa.jpg

Study of Truncated Limbs.  c. 1818 - 1819.
http://www.tate.org.uk/britain/exhibitions/constabletodelacroix/images/gericault_limbs.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Horse Fair

Rosa Bonheur. The Horse Fair. 1853.

Realism = art style that sought to counter the idealized subject matter ofAcademic painting with direct and frank views of everyday life
 
 
Based on the idea that ordinary people and everyday activities are worthy subjects for art
Strives to depict ordinary existence without classic idealism, exoticism or nostalgia
Insisted on precise imitation of visual perceptions without alteration

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Stone Breakers

Gustave Courbet. The Stone Breakers. 1849 (destroyed during World War II).  8 1/2' X 5' 3".
Stokstad, Marilyn. Art History. Revised Second ed. Vol. 2. New York: Prentice Hall Inc., and Harry N. Abrams, 2005.

 

 

 

 

 

 

First viable, permanent method for capturing the effects of light on a surface were introduced to the public in 1839

Le Boulevard Du Temple

Louis Jacques Mande Daguerre. Le Boulevard Du Temple. 1839.
Preble, Duane, Sarah Preble and Patrick Frank. Artforms. Seventh ed. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 2002.

today we call this technology "photography"
 

"Realism ws perceived as nothing less than the enemy of art, and many believed that photography was the source and sponsor of this disaster."
- Gardner's Art Through the Ages

 

 

 

 

 

 

Luncheon on the Grass

Edouard Manet. Luncheon on the Grass (Le Dejeuner Sur L'Herbe). 1863.

 

"A commonplace woman of the demimonde, as naked as can be, shamelessly lolls between two dandies dressed to the teeth. These latter look like schoolboys on a holiday, perpetrating an outrage to play the man…this is a young man's practical joke- a shameful, open sore." - Gardner's Art Through the Ages
"I myself shouldn't like to meet this young man...I should be obliged to tell him I don't understand anything about his paintings, and I don't want to be disagreeable with him." - Gustave Courbet

 

 

 

 

 

 

Manet breaks with convention by:

Pastoral Concert

Titian and Giorgione. The Pastoral Concert. c. 1508.

No chiaroscuro
No linear perspective
Not a classic landscape
Figures do not seem to relate to one another
Thick and full brush strokes that call attention to the act of painting
Vast planes of color
Portion of the painting left unfinished

 

 

 

 

 

 

Impression: Sunrise

Claude Monet. Impression: Sunrise. 1872.
Preble, Duane, Sarah Preble and Patrick Frank. Artforms. Seventh ed. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 2002.

Avant-garde = artists or art works that are novel or experimental
 
Relates to the military term for soldiers who explore the battlefield ahead of the advancing army
Suggests a small group of intellectuals who push the boundaries of what is accepted as the norm
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Impressionism - A movement among late nineteenth-century French painters who sought to present a true representation of light and color. Working primarily outdoors, such artists applied small touches of paint to catch fleeting impressions of the scenes before them. Many American artists adopted the style.

In the Garden

Berthe Morisot.  In the Garden .  c. 1884.
http://www.antiquesandfineart.com/articles/media/images/00801-00900/00845/Morisot.Garden-Maurecourt.jpg

 
The Impressionists were interested in:
Representing immediate visual sensations through color and light
Experimenting with short, choppy brushstrokes
Painting outdoors, away from the studio, and with pre-made paint
"En Plein Air" = in the open air
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Luncheon of the Boating Party

Pierre- Auguste Renoir. The Luncheon of the Boating Party. 1881.
Preble, Duane, Sarah Preble and Patrick Frank. Artforms. Seventh ed. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 2002.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mother Washing Sleepy Child

Mary Cassat. Mother Washing Sleepy Child. 1880.
Bullard, E. John. Mary Cassatt: Oils and Pastels. Watson-Guptill Publications: New York, 1998.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rehearsal on Stage

Edgar Degas. The Rehearsal on Stage. c. 1874.
Stokstad, Marilyn. Art History. Revised Second ed. Vol. 2. New York: Prentice Hall Inc., and Harry N. Abrams, 2005.

 

 

 

 

 

 

A Bar at the Folies-Bergere

Edouard Manet. A Bar at the Folies-Bergere. 1881-82.