March 16
The Renaissance



Notre Dame de Chartres

Notre Dame de Chartres, France.  1145 - 1513.







Pointed arch

The pointed arch and flying buttresses







Rose de France

Rose de France window from Notre Dame de Chartres, France.  c. 1233.


Close up view







Renaissance = 14th century to 17th century
Early Renaissance Map
Northern Renaissance
art in Netherlands, Germany and Normandy
1400 - 1550
Early Renaissance
Italian art in Tuscany
1400 - 1500
HIgh Renaissance
Italian art in Rome, Florence and Venice
1520 - 1580







Vitruvian Man

Leonardo da Vinci.  Vitruvian Man (from notebooks).  c. 1487.

Significant changes in western world view become evident by the 1400s:
Increased exploration of the world
Scientific investigation of nature and the human body
Development of the city-state and nations
Growth of capitalism and trade
The artist's social standing is elevated







15th century intellectuals were aware of the great changes of their age


Albrecht Durer.  Melancolia.  1514.

Became the first people to name their own time
Renascita = the rebirth
Scholars inspired by Greco-Roman discoveries looked to the Classic world for inspiration
Humanism = "es studia humanitatis," the study of humans and their capabilities
New emphasis on the individual
Citizens will seek new freedoms
Believed that one could achieve perfection through education








Giotto di Bondone.  Lamentation. c. 1305 – 1306.







Arnolfini Marriage

Jan van Eyck. Giovanni Arnolfini and His Wife, Giovanna Cenami. 1434.