Personal Politics
Kate Millet Sexual Politics
Why We Need Sexual Politics
Joan Diddion's review of Norman Mailer's The Executioner's Song
Wooster Group's, The Town Hall Affair
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Alice Neel, Kate Millett, 1970.













Shigeko Kubota, Vagina Painting, 1965.











Performance Art = art where the actions of an individual or a group at a particular place and in a particular time, constitute the work
Cut Piece

*Cut Piece

First version for single performer:

Performer sits on stage with a pair of scissors in front of him. It is announced that members of the audience may come on stage one at a time to cut a small piece of the performer's clothing to take with them.

Performer remains motionless throughout the piece.
Piece ends at the performer's option.

Second version for audience: It is announced that members of the audience may cut each others clothing.

The audience may cut as long as they wish*

Yoko Ono, Cut Piece, 1964. Carnegie Hall.











Yoko Ono, Cut Piece, 1965. Carnegie Hall.
Yoko Ono, Cut Piece at Carnegie Hall, 2003.






















Feminists questioned and attacked Modern formalism
  • Openly encouraged artists to explore autobiography, narrative and personal identity
  • Advocated collaboration
  • Examined the natural processes of the body long disregarded by western culture
  • Optimistically explored new media
"The personal is political" - Carol Hanisch
“My artistic practice has always been the lens through which I have seen and moved through the world around me. It continues to be an arena and medium for political protest and social activism. I created The Liberation of Aunt Jemima in 1972 for the exhibition “Black Heroes” at the Rainbow Sign Cultural Center, Berkeley, CA (1972). The show was organized around community responses to the 1968 Martin Luther King Jr. assassination. This work allowed me to channel my righteous anger at not only the great loss of MLK Jr, but at the lack of representation of black artists, especially black women artists. I transformed the derogatory image of Aunt Jemima into a female warrior figure, fighting for Black liberation and women’s rights. Fifty years later she has finally been liberated herself. And, yet more work still needs to be done.” - Hyperallergic
Betye Saar, The Liberation of Aunt Jemima, 1972.











Linda Nochlin and Daisy

"The place where I had freedom most was when I painted. I was completely and utterly myself." - Alice Neel


Alice Neel, Linda Nochlin and Daisy, 1973.












A Bar at the Folies-Bergere
Margaret Evans Pregnant
Edouard Manet, A Bar at the Folies-Bergere, 1881 - 1882.
Alice Neel, Margaret Evans Pregnant, 1978.
T.I., Whatever You Like, 2008.












Pregnant Maria

Edouard Manet, Olympia, 1863.
Alice Neel, Pregnant Woman, 1971.











Alice Neel, Nude Self-Portrait, 1980.











Whitney Protestors
Key events that launched the Feminist Art Movement
Young feminists protest Miss America pageant by throwing their bras into a trash can (NOT burning them!)
Valerie Solanas writes the SCUM Manifesto and shoots Andy Warhol and Mario Amaya for losing her manuscript, Up Your Ass
Whitney Annual included 8 women out of 143 artists
Women artists protest the Whitney Annual
Survey reveals that 50% of practicing American artists are women while only 18% of New York's commercial galleries show the work of women artists
Judy Chicago founds the first feminist studio art course at Fresno State University
Los Angeles Council of Women Artists protest exclusion of women artists in LACMA show Art and Technology
First publication of Our Bodies, Ourselves
Judy Chicago and Miriam Schapiro found Feminist Art Program at Cal Arts
Ann Arien & Lucy Lippard protesting in front of the Whitney Museum of Art in 1970, demanding a 50% representation of womenand nonwhite artists in the Whitney Annual.
Linda Nochlin's "Why Have There Been No Great Women Artists" published

Womanhouse catalog

Congress passes Equal Rights Amendment; but by 1982 it had only been ratified by 35 states (three short of becming law); it has been reintroduced into every session of Congress since.
Title IX passed: No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.
LACMA exhibition, Four Los Angeles Artists
Womanhouse, first feminist exhibition
Supreme Court legalizes abortion in Roe v. Wade
Linda Nochlin and Ann Sutherland Harris curate first historical exhibition of women artists at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art , Women Artists: 1550 - 1950
U.S. National Weather Service begins naming storms for women and men
Womanhouse catalog











Sheet Closet

The Feminist Art Program
was an experiment in teaching
  • Participants engaged in consciousness raising sessions
  • Collaboration was encouraged with the intention of forming a community
  • Only women allowed in the classroom and studio
Womanhouse, 1972
theme = women's work
aimed to "search out and reveal the female experience...the dreams and fantasies of women as they sewed, cooked, washed and ironed awyay their lives." - Judy Chicago
Sandra Orgel, Sheet Closet, 1972.











Womb Room

Susan Frazier, Nurturant Kitchen, 1972.
Faith Wilding, Womb Room, 1972.
Chicago, Menstruation Bathroom, 1972.