Everything's Rosie?

Quiz 3 is now open!
Please submit before midnight on Saturday, November 21.

Norman Rockwell, Rosie the Riveter, 1943.











Georgia O' Keefe, Music Pink and Blue No. 2, 1918.
Alfred Stieglitz, Georgia O'Keefe, 1918.











"The show is strong...one long, loud blast of sex, sex in youth, sex in adolescence, sex in maturity, sex as gaudy as Ten Nights in a Whorehouse, sex as pure as the vestal virgins, sex bulging, sex tumescent, sex deflated...Perhaps only half the sex is on the walls, the rest is probably in me." - Lewis Mumford reviewing Georgia O'Keefe's work
Georgia O'Keefe "found expression in delicately veiled symbolism for what every woman knows but what women heretofore kept to themselves." - Marilyn Stokstad
"I hate flowers- I paint them because they're cheaper than models and they don't move!" - Georgia O'Keefe
Georgia O'Keefe, Red Canna, c. 1924.











"The greatest part of her work adds up to little more than tinted photography. The lapidarian patience she has expended in trimming, breathing upon, and polishing these bits of opaque cellophane betrays a concern that has less to do with art than with private worship and the embellishment of private fetishes with secret and arbitrary meanings." - Clement Greenberg 1946
Georgia O'Keefe, Pelvis with Distance, 1943.











Lange on Car with Camera
New Deal - program of government spending that included two departments (the FSA and the FAP) that employed artists
  • FAP artists received famous salary of $23.86/week at a time when a Woolworth's clerk earned $11/week
  • 40% of those receiving aide from the FAP were women
Dorothea Lange off Hwy 101











Migrant Mother untouched
Migrant Mother
Dorothea Lange, Migrant Mother, 1936.
Midweed Pictorial spread using Migrant Mother image.  October 17, 1936.












Dorothea Lange, Migrant Mother series, 1936.











Florence and Daughters

Bill Ganzel, Florence Owens Thompson and her daughters Norma, Katherine and Ruby, 1979.











Historic Context
1929 - 1941
Great Depression

Hitler's Nazi Party seizes power - end of Weimar Republic
New Deal begins - program of government spending that included two departments (the FSA and the FAP) that employed artists
1939 - 1945
World War II
Largest & deadliest war in history with over 62 million deaths
Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
Rosie the Riveter character introduced
First use of the Atomic Bomb at Hiroshima and Nagasaki
J. Howard Miller, Rosie the Riviter, 1942.











Rosie the Riveter character helps increase the number of US women working to 20 million
  • An increase of 57% from 1940
  • The average man working in a war-time plant paid $54.65/week while women were paid $31.21/week
  • For every $1 earned by a man, a white woman earned 57¢











Woman working on the A-31 Vengeance bomber in Tennessee, 1943











Rosie the Riveter Memorial, Richmond, CA











Miller Bathing in Hitler's Tub

Lee Miller, Miller Bathing in Hitler's Bath, 1945.