Seeking Transcendence
 
Exam 1 is due TONIGHT at 11:59 PM.
 
Robert Motherwell and the New York School Storming the Citadel, 1991.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Willem de Kooning, Seated Woman, 1940.
Willem de Kooning, Woman I, 1952.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Woman of Willendorf, Austria, ca. 28,000 - 25,000 BCE. Limestone, 4 3/8" high.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"Pleasure only starts once the worm has got into the fruit, to become delightful happiness must be tainted with poison."  - Georges Bataille

Woman and Bicycle

 
Vagina dentata = Latin for toothed vagina. Various cultures have folk tales about women with toothed vaginas, frequently told as cautionary tales warning of the dangers of sex with strange women.
 
Niki Minaj Turn Me On
 
 
Willem de Kooning, Woman and Bicycle, 1952 - 1953.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Willem and Elaine de Kooning

"To establish once and for al that I did not pose for these ferocious women. I was taken aback to discover in Hans' photograph that I and the painted lady seemed like…mother and daughter. We're even smiling the same way." - Elaine de Kooning

Hans Namuth, Willem and Elaine de Kooning 1953.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At Five in the Afternoon

Robert Motherwell, At Five in the Afternoon,1949.
Casein and graphite on paperboard 15 X 20 inches.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Federico Garcia Lorca

Garcia Lorca poem, "Lament for Ignacio Sanchez Mejias"
Lorca wrote the poem to lament the death of his bullfighter friend
 
Three symbolic colrs in the poem:
Red = blood
White = blinding light of the sun
Black = death
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Elegy to the Spanish Republic series
Spanish Civil War 1936 - 1939
More than 700,000 people killed in combat
 
To Motherwell, the Spanish Civil War served as metaphor for injustice.

  • The U.S. government used it as a symbol of the fight between democracy and fascism.
Modern Art Was CIA Weapon
  • Motherwell conceived the series as commemorations of human suffering
  • Intended as symbols for the cycle of life and death
 
elegy = lament or funeral song
 
Robert Motherwell, Elegy to the Spanish Republic,
No. 34
, 1953-1954.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sam Francis, Big Red, 1953.

Young Builders of Communism, c. 1940.

 

The New American Painting exhibition

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Elegy 110

Allusions to the Spanish struggle
in Motherwell's series:
  • Reference to bullfighting in the abstract image of a bull's genitalia (probably inspired by Guernica)
  • Rounded forms pressed against weighty dark bars symbolizes the struggle for democracy & freedom
  • Dramatic sense of tension throughout the compositons
Robert Motherwell, Elegy to the Spanish Republic 110, 1971.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Onement I

Barnett Newman, Onement I, 1948.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Suggestions in Onement
 

Onement I

Oneness with another being
  • When you atone you connect and communicate
  • Jews atone during Yom Kippur
  • Cabbalists regard Yom Kippur as a time to reflect on the mystery of creation
Genesis
  • The separation of light and darkness
  • The beginning of life
Red-brown field
  • Suggests the earth
  • Hebrew word for earth = adamah
  • In Genesis, Adam was made from earth
Barnett Newman, Onement I, 1948.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vir Heroicus Sublimis

Barnett Newman, Vir Heroicus Sublimis (Man, Heroic and Sublime), 1950 - 1951. approx. 8' X 18'.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Barnett Newman, Vir Heroicus Sublimis (Man, Heroic and Sublime), 1950 - 51. approx. 8' X 18'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vir Heroicus Sublimis

Viewers absorbing Vir Heroicus Sublimis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mark Rothko, Untitled, 1956.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Green and Tangerine

Mark Rothko, Green and Tangerine on Red, 1956.

 

A Rothko painting "is not a picture of an experience, it is an experience." - Rothko admirer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mark Rothko

Pink Yellow

Mark Rothko, 1961
Mark Rothko, Red, Orange, Tan, and  Purple, 1949.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sublime = lofty, grand or exalted in thought, expression or manner; of outstanding spiritual, intellectual or moral worth; tending to inspire awe usually because of elevated quality
 
Epiphany = an appearance or manifestation of a divine being; a sudden manifestation or perception of the essential nature or meaning of something; an intuitive grasp of reality through something usually simple and striking

Monk by the Sea

 
"Instead of making cathedrals out of Christ , man or life, we are making them out of ourselves, out of our own feelings." - Barnett Newman
Caspar David Friedrich, Monk by the Sea, 1808 - 1809.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mark Rothko, Seagram Murals, 1958 - 1960.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Simon Schama's The Power of Art - Rothko

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rothko Chapel

Mark Rothko, Paintings inside the Rothko Chapel, 1964.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Barnett Newman, Broken Obelisk outside the Rothko Chapel (one of four), 1963 - 1967.

 

"Meditation and Modern Art Meet in the Rothko Chapel"

More on the Rothko Trial