The Modern Avant-Garde

"I've never believed in God.  But I believe in Picasso."
- Diego Rivera

Self Portrait with Cloak

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Pablo Picasso, Self Portrait with Cloak, 1901.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wall Street Journal, Pep Montserrat

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Art presents us with puzzles to solve...

 

How My Mother's Apron Unfolds

Arshile Gorky, How My Mother’s Embroidered Apron Unfolds in My Life, 1948.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Odalisk
To analyze a work of art:
 
1.
Start your analysis with a visual description of the work
 
 
Robert Rauschenberg, Odalisk, 1955 - 1958.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Remember to use the following format when writing about a work:
Artist, Title, Date.
Robert Rauschenberg, Odalisk, 1955 - 1958.
"In Odalisk, Rauschenberg's combine operates with full force."

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Odalisk
To analyze a work of art:
 
1. Describe the work
Remember to underline or bold the title of the work in your written analysis.
 
2. What questions do you ask of the work?
 
 
 
 
Robert Rauschenberg, Odalisk, 1955 - 1958.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Odalisk
To analyze a work of art:
 
1. Describe the work
Remember to underline or bold the title of the work in your written analysis.
 
2. What questions do you ask of the work?
 
3. Choose a method to better understand the work

The method you use often depends on the type of questions you are asking.

Remember, you the viewer, use the method to better understand the artwork. Sometimes the artist uses a method to make the work, but the work NEVER uses the methods because it's a thing, not a person.
Robert Rauschenberg, Odalisk, 1955 - 1958.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dictionary definition =
the quality, production or expression of what is beautiful, appealing or of more than ordinary significance
Mona Lisa
   
Art for Dummies =
art happens when anyone in the world takes any kind of material and fashions it into a deliberate statement
Leonardo da Vinci, Mona Lisa, c. 1503.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Modern World Challenges Tradition (at lease in Europe)

Cadeau

At the turn of the 20th century, a number of traditional points of view
were replaced with radical new ways of thinking
 
Einstein publishes his Theory of Relativity in physics
Increasing industrialization changes the way people live, buy and work
Freud introduces his concepts of the subconcious mind
The Wright brothers invent a machinethat allows humans to fly
Ford's assembly line quickly and efficiently
produces cutting edge machinery
And... the traditional center of the art world in
Paris was beginning to lose its hold
 
Man Ray, Cadeau (Gift), 1921.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mechanical Head

As artists began to challenge the status quo and redefine art for the modern era, a new vocabulary/ language was also needed to understand the things they were making and now calling "art"
Raoul Hausmann, The Spirit of Our Time (Mechanical Head), 1919.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Modernism Emerges

 

Hugo Ball

Avant-garde = artists or works that are novel or experimental
relates to military term for soldiers who explore battlefield ahead of advancing army
suggests small group of intellectuals who push the boundaries of what is accepted as the norm
Hugo Ball performing Karawane
at the Cabaret Voltaire, 1916.