Landscape of Signs
Annotated Bibliographies have been graded. Please review comments and feedback in preparation for writing your Visual Analysis, which is due on Canvas, Monday, October 26.
Robert Rauschenberg, Mother of God, c. 1950.











Just What Is It That Makes Today's Homes So Different So Appealing

Richard Hamilton, Just what is it that makes today's homes so different, so appealing? 1956.

Roy Lichtenstein Ohhh... Alright..., 1964 piece and talk about the interview with GR Swenson where Roy calls pop art, "industrial painting."











Student Breakout rooms to discuss
"Warhol's Bleak Prophecy"

1. Complete identification of an artwork

2. Description of a work of art

3. Identify an art historical methodology in use; what is the methodology?

4. Identify the writer's thesis

5. Identify the writer's conclusion
Robert Frank, Rodeo- New York City, 1955 - 1956.











32 Campbell's Soup Cans
Andy Warhol, 32 Campbell's Soup Cans, 1961 - 1962. Synthetic polymer (acrylic) paint on canvas.












Sold for $100 each in 1962

Warhol's Soup Cans at the Ferus Gallery in Los Angeles











Campbell's Soup Ad, c. 1905.











Semiotics for Beginners











Parade Hoboken New Jersey

Robert Frank, Parade, Hoboken, New Jersey, 1955 - 1956.











Jasper Johns, Flag, 1954 - 1955.











patriotic = having or expressing devotion to and vigorours support for one's country
Alberto Vargas American Pin-Up
German Pin-Up











encaustic = a painting medium in which pigment is suspended in hot wax

Jasper Johns, Flag (detail),  1954-1955.
Jasper Johns in his studio with Flag





















Why is this a work of art?
Why is this a flag?
The critic Robert Rosenblum asked of Flag, "Is it blasphemous or respectful, simple-minded or recondite?"
  • In 1893, Queen Liliuokalani was forced to abdicate her throne by a group of businessmen and sugar planters.
  • Alaska was annexed by the U.S.
  • In 1958, Alaska and Hawaii became states, making this flag obsolete.
Jasper Johns, Flag, 1954 - 1955.











"[Johns'] Flag is full of stories. Under its soft, waxy, rough-smooth surface are headlines and stories clipped out of newspapers, barely visible in reproduction. In the gallery, the stories are dimly read through ghostly suspensions of white between the red bars. Their spectral presence suggests that under the surface of the flag's simple iconic presence are complicated lives, happenings and secrets. The simple banner conceals untold possibilities. For us, looking at this Flag may be a reminder of what ought to be obvious: that nations, like individuals, cannot be summed up easily." - John Sheridan
Jasper Johns, Flag (detail), 1954 - 1955.
Jasper Johns, Flag (detail), 1954 - 1955.





















Fourth of July Jay New York

Jasper Johns, Three Flag, 1958.
Robert Frank, Fourth of July - Jay, New York, 1955-1956.












semiotics = the study of signs, symbols and how meaning is constructed

Numbers in Colour

Signifier (image or word) + signified (concept, object or emotion) = sign (whole)
 "a - p - p - l - e" + apple= apple
  • Relationship between the signifier and the signified is conventional – it is always dependent on social and cultural conventions
  • Therefore, the relationship between the signifier and the signified (the sign) is always arbitrary

Jasper Johns, Numbers in Colour, 1959.








White Flag

Jasper Johns, White Flag, 1955.


The Metropolitan Museum of Art bought White Flag for $20 millon, purchased directly from the artist, in 1998.











White Flag

Jasper Johns, White Flag (detail), 1955.









Jasper Johns, False Start, 1959.
Jasper Johns, 0 through 9, 1960. 72 X 54 inches.