The Expanding Domain

 

Southwell Brothers, Queen Victoria,
albumen carte-de-visite, 1864.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Carte-de-visite

carte-de-visite = visiting card
 
 
Wet-plate image created with a multi-lens camera and printed on albumen paper
 
Carte-de-visite camera

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Andre Adolphe Eugene Disderi, portraits of a man, c. 1860.
Uncut albumen print from a carte-de-visite negative.

 

more portrait cartes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hugh Mangum, Portrait Carte de Visites, 1890s

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Andre Disderi, Supplicies (Heads of Executed Men), c. 1850s. Carte-de-visite.

 

other newsworthy carte-de-visites

 

 

 

 

 

 


Abraham Lincoln
Matthew Brady Studio, Abraham Lincoln, c. 1863. Albumen Cabinet Card.
Lincoln campaign button, 1860.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mike Kelly in Boston Beaneaters uniform cabinet card c. 1888.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Daguerrian Saloon
Mobile daguerran studios or "Daguerreotype Saloons"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The blossoming popularity and accessibility of the daguerreotype greatly influenced the emergence of new classes of image makers, which then encouraged the development of new classes of images...

 

Occupation Portraits
   
Shoe cobblers, Daguerreotype, between 1840 and 1860.
Seamstress, Daguerreotype, c. 1853.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Isaac Jefferson (former slave of Thomas Jefferson), tinsmith, nail maker, and blacksmith, Daguerreotype, c. 1845.
Phoenix Fire Company and Mechanic Fire Company, Charleston, South Carolina] Daguerreotype by Tyler & Co., circa 1855.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vacation Pictures

 

Platt D. Babbitt, Tourists Viewing Niagara Falls from Prospect Point, c. 1855.

 

 

More Tourist Daguerreotypes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Post-Mortem Portraits

 

Photographer Unknown, Post-mortem portriat of a deceased child, c. 1850 - 1860s.  Daguerreotype.
Photographer Unknown, Parents holding their dead child, c. 1850 - 1860s.  Daguerreotype.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three kinds of stereoscopes

The Sterescope
1832 Sir Charles Wheatstone describes the phenomena of binocular vision and designs an apparatus that fuses two separate drawings into a single three dimensional image

Prephotography Stereocards

Three kinds of stereoscopes
Unknown Artist. Pre-photography stereo cards. c. 1840.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stereoview of theGreat Exhibition, 1851.
 
In 1851 Queen Victoria is presented a special stereoscope during the Great Exhibition and within 3 months, 250,000 stereoscopes and millions of cards are sold to the public
 
By 1856, the London Stereoscopic Company had sold 500,000 viewers
London Stereoscopic Company motto, "No home without a stereoscope"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stereo Camera

Stereoscopic Camera

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stereoscope

Holmes-Bates Stereoscope with stereograph.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stereoscopes in use

Photographer Unknown, Untitled (Stereoscopes in Use), c. 1860s.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chinese woman with bound feet

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Geography Lesson
“What an educational revolution is here… Why our Tommys and Harrys will know the world’s surface as well as a circumnavigator…What a stock of knowledge our Tommys and Harrys will begin life with!  Perhaps in ten years or so the question will be seriously discussed… whether it will be any use to travel now that you can send out your artist to bring home Egypt in his carpetbag to amuse the drawing room with.” – 1858 issue of The Athenaeum
J.F.A. Claudet, The Geography Lesson, 1851.
Stereoscopic daguerreotype.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Photographs as Documents

 

Maxime Du Camp, The Colossus of Abu-Simbel, Nubia, 1850. Salted Paper Print.

 

"I had realized upon my previous travels that I wasted much valuable time trying to draw buildings and scenery I did not care to forget.  I drew slowly and not very correctly... I felt that I needed an instrument of precision to record my impressions if I was to reproduce them accurately." - Maxime Du Camp

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Maxime Du Camp, The Colossus of Abu-Simbel, Nubia. 1850.
Francis Frith, The Sphinx and the Great Pyramid Geezah, 1858. Albumen print.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mechanical Photography = a verbatim style of photography which featured maximum detail and sharpness

Great Pyramids

 
Frith's trademark "mechanical picturesque" approach:
  • Juxtapose human figures with giant monuments
  • Dense detail
  • Sense of mass and scale
  • Avoided expressive or dramatic effects
 
 
Francis Frith, Great Pyramids, 1862.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mexican-American War
1846 - 1848

General Wool

  • Fought after Texas seceded from Mexico
  • Resulted in the U.S. acquiring
    California and New Mexico
  • Considered the first war to be
    photographed as it happened
  • Coincides with the rise of American newspapers
 
Photographer Unknown, General Wool and Staff, Calle Real, Saltillo, Mexico. c. 1847.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Photographaer Unknown, Amputation, Mexican- American War, Cerro Gordo, 1847.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Crimean War
1853 - 1856
 
Fought between Imperial Russia and an alliance of the United Kingdom, France and the Ottoman Empire

 

Roger Fenton, Railroad Yard Balaclava #2, 1855.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Roger Fenton, Soldiers taking a break, Crimea, 1855.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Roger Fenton, The 57th Regiment, 1855.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Death of General Warren

John Trumbull, The Death of General Warren at the Battle of Bunker's Hill, June 17, 1775, 1786.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"Whatever he represents from the field must be real." - London Times

 

The Valley of the Shadow of Death

Roger Fenton, The Valley of the Shadow of Death, 1855.