The Simulacra

Final Exam will be posted to Blackboard by Friday, December 8 and must be submitted by Monday, December 11 at 11:59 PM.
Robert Mapplethorpe, Shoe (Melody), 1987.











Historic Context
1959 - 1975
Official U.S. involvement in "Vietnam War"
President Kennedy assassinated
Watergate scandal
President Nixon resigns
AIDS first recognized as a disease, given the name "Gay Related Immune Deficiency"
MTV founded
1981 - 1989
The "Reagan era"
End of the Cold War
GRID renamed AIDS
Chernobyl nuclear accident
"Black Monday" stock market crash leads to world-wide recession
Robert Mapplethorpe dies of AIDS
Student protestors massacred in China's Tieananmen Square











Postmodernism = the period following modernism. Postmodernism is often seen as a rejection of Modernist notions such as the superiority of subjective expression of unique intellects, high culture versus kitsch and abstraction versus figuration.

Belief that no single truth exists
Sense that everything that can be done, has been done
Embrace diversity and questioning
Promotes parody, irony and playfulness
Jouissance = enjoyment
David Hockney, My Mother Bolton Abbey, Yorkshire, 1982.










Cindy Sherman, Untitled Film Still #1, 1977.
Cindy Sherman, Untitled Film Still #6, 1977.











Gidget, 1959
I Love Lucy, 1951 - 1957











Cindy Sherman, Untitled Film Still #15, 1978.












The Doll

Hans Bellmer, The Doll, c. 1934.
Claude Cahun, Self-portrait, c. 1929.











pastiche = an artistic technique whereby a generally light-hearted tongue-in-cheek imitation of another's style is employed; although jocular it is usually respectful (as opposed to parody, which is not)
Untitled 21
Cindy Sherman, Untitled Film Still #21, 1978.











Untitled 14

Cindy Sherman, Untitled Film Still #14, 1978.