The Americans

 

“There is only one man in the world and his name is All Men. There is only one women in the world and her name is All Women. There is only one child in the world and the child’s name is All Children.” - Family of Man exhibition
 

Scalar Post 3 Now Due

 

Elizabeth Colomba VTLS
(Extra Credit assignment posted on Canvas)

 
Joe Rosenthal, Raising Old Glory at Iwo Jima, February 23, 1945.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Joe Rosenthal, Raising Old Glory at Iwo Jima, February 23, 1945.
   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Margaret Bourke-White, Self-Portrait, 1943.
Lee Miller, War Correspondant, 1940s

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Margaret Bourke-White, Buchenwald, 1945.

Lee Miller, Dachau, April 30, 1945. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cologne Cathedral after allied bombing
Alfred Eisenstaedt, V.J. Day, 1945.
   
 
"The Kissing Sailor or the Selective
Blindness of Rape Culture"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Miller Bathing in Hitler's Tub

David Scherman, Lee Miller Bathing in Hitler's Bath, April 30, 1945.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bernard Waldman, mushroom cloud resulting from explosion of Little Boy over Hiroshima, August 6, 1945.
Nagasaki before and after Fat Man nuclear bombing, August 9, 1945.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Prefectural Industrial Promotion Hall or Genbaku Dome (now recognized as the Hiroshima Peace Memorial), Hiroshima, Japan, August 6, 1945. At the time of the bombing, Hiroshima's population was about 345,000 people.
Nuclear blast shadow, Nagasaki, Japan, 1945

 

 

Warning Leaflets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"We may be grateful to Providence" that the German atomic bomb project failed, and the U.S. and its allies "spent two billion dollars on the greatest scientific gamble in history—and won." Truman then warned Japan, "If they do not now accept our terms, they may expect a rain of ruin from the air, the like of which has never been seen on this earth. Behind this air attack will follow sea and land forces in such numbers and power as they have not yet seen and with the fighting skill of which they are already well aware." - Harry Truman Statement on Hiroshima
Hiroshima, Japan, 1945.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hiroshima aftermath, 1945.

Victim of Hiroshima nuclear bombing, 1945.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1945
First use of the Atomic Bomb at Hiroshima and Nagasaki
 
Founding of United Nations
 
 
1947
U.S. introduces Marshall Plan to rebuild Europe, Asia and the Soviet Union
Edward Steichen becomes MOMA's second department of photography director
Soviet forces refuse Marshall Plan funds when they determine they cannot control the terms of the aid

General MacArthur & Emperor Hirohito, 1945.

 
1950 - 1953
Korean War - America combats the global expansion of Communism with inconclusive results
 
1950 - 1957
"McCarthy Era" - Senator Joseph McCarthy accuses hundreds of Americans of being Communists while the leader of the House Committee on Un-American Activities

Senator Joseph McCarthy, 1954.

1952
1951
J.D. Salinger's The Catcher in the Rye
1954
William Golding's The Lord of the Flies
1955
The Family of Man Exhibition

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Family of Man, 1955
   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

To "explain man to man" and to celebrate "the essential oneness
of mankind throughout the world" - Edward Steichen

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Installation of the Family of Man exhibition at MoMA, 1955.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

People montage

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Parents and children layout

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Charles Fenno Jacobs, Much tattooed sailor aboard the USS New Jersey (BB 62), 1944.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raphael Platnick, Dead Soldier, 1944.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A mushroom cloud follows the test detonation of an 11-megaton nuclear device over Bikini Atoll on March 26, 1954.

 

Who is the slayer?  Who the victim?  Speak.  - Sophocles

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

“If Mr. Steichen’s well-intentioned spell doesn’t work, it can only be because he has been so intent on the physical similarities that unite ‘The Family of Man’ that he has neglected to conjure the intangible beliefs and preferences that divide men into countries and parties and clans.  And he has utterly forgotten that a family quarrel can be as fierce as any other kind.” – Phoebe Lou Adams
W. Eugene Smith
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In the late 50s, marginalized groups
begin to gather in resistance

  • Civil Rights Movement of the 60s
  • Anti War movements
  • Feminist Movement of the 70s
  • Gay Rights Movement of the 80s
 
 
Ernest Withers, Workers Assembling for a Solidarity March, Memphis, Tennessee, 1968.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1960s artists begin to question
Existence
Reality
Societal norms
American consumerism
 
This questioning leads to a marked rejection of convention
  • Who determines how a photo should look?
  • What is photography?
  • What is appropriate photographic subject matter?
  • What is the role and responsibility of the photographer?
 
Robert Frank, Los Angeles, 1955 - 1956.