Group f/64


Assignment 3 now due on Canvas!
Are we making progress on the Visualizing Photo History Projects?
Claude Cahun, Self-Portrait in Sailor Hat, 1920.











Lucy Schwob > Claude Cahun
Suzanne Malherb > Marcel Moore
Claude Cahun, Self-portrait, c. 1928.
Claude Cahun, Marcel Moore, c. 1928.











Claude Cahun, Self-portrait, c. 1929.
Claude Cahun, Self-Portrait, c. 1929.











Joan Riviere's Womanliness as Masquerade, 1929


Claude Cahun, Self-Portrait, c. 1929.










1900 Freud publishes The Interpretation of Dreams

Proposes that dreams reveal a person's unconscious desires
    • Recognizing and understanding these desires
      can help make sense of that person
    • Supported dream analysis, free association techniques
      and psychotherapy
      as methods for delving into the unconscious mind
Mid 1920s Surrealist movement begins in Paris
  • Surrealist approaches deeply indebted to Freudian theory
  • Advocated the transformation of human perception
    through greater contact with the imagination
  • Saw irrational thought and altered states as an
    anecdote to the reason that brought the horrors of WWI
Many Ray, Kiki, 1926.











Man Ray, Tears, 1930 - 1932.
Man Ray, Noir et Blanche, 1925.












Surrealists around Rene Magritte painting.  Published in La Revolution Surrealiste December 15, 1929.


"I do not see the woman hidden in the forest."









The Psychic Apparatus
id = instinct and pleasure without organization, present at birth
ego = your practical and logical mind, reason and common sense; tries to please the id while being realistic
superego = your moralizing mind; works in contradiction to the id and criticizes or prohibits drives and fantasies
The Psychoanalytic Iceberg











Ingres' Violin

Man Ray, Ingres' Violin, 1924.











The avant-garde began to blur the line between documentary and art ever further.

Eugene Atget, Autoportrait, 63 quai de la Tournelle, 1908.
Eugene Atget, Avenue L'Observatoire, 1926.











Which in turn, influenced the vernacular work of studio photographers during the early 20th century.

E.J. Bellocq, Storeyville Portrait; Untitled, Plate 27 (Reclining Nude with a Mask), c. 1912.
James Van der Zee, Couple with Racoon Coats and Cadillac, Harlem, 1932.











Hans Bellmer, La Poupee, c. 1934. Gelatin silver print.











Hannah Höch, Puppen, 1919.











Hans Bellmer, La Poupee, 1935 - 1937.

"Pure Arayan Family" Neues Volk Cover, 1938.











Hans Bellmer, Cepholopde, 1939.

Hans Bellmer, Woman Bound, 1958.











Hans Bellmer, La Poupee (The Doll), c. 1934. Gelatin silver print.











The Great Depression
1929 - 1941
Global economic crisis
  • Numerous bank failures and factory closures sparked by the 1929 NY Stock Market crash
  • 1 out of 4 workers unemployed at a time when most families survived on one income
current unemployment rate
  • Dramatic drop in industrial production
1931 drought, wind storms and over farming turned the Great Plains into the Dust Bowl
Dorothea Lange, Tractored Out, Childress County, Texas, 1939.











The New Deal
1933 - 1937

Direct relief, economic recovery and financial reform
New Deal programs oversaw loans, flood control, migrant camps, agricultural education, work relief and the creation of the social security system
Dorothea Lange,  Men Walking Towards
Los Angeles
, c. 1935.











Resettlement Administration (later known as the Farm Security Administration) intended to move distressed farmers into more economically viable service and industrial jobs
  • Roy E. Stryker appointed chief of the historical section
  • Historical section's aim was to gather visual evidence in support of the RA's good works and to distribute these images, free of charge, to the nation's news agencies











Dorothea Lange, Migrant Mother, Nipomo, California, 1936.











Bill Ganzel, Florence Owens Thompson and her daughters Norma, Katherine and Ruby, 1979.











Walker Evans, Car Parts, c. 1930.
Walker Evans, Shoeshine Stand, 1936.











Allie Mae Burroughs

Walker Evans, Floyd Burroughs, 1936.
Walker Evans, Allie Mae Burroughs, 1936.











Burrough's Kitchen

Walker Evans, Kitchen in Floyd Burroughs' Home, 1936.
Walker Evans, Kitchen Corner in Floyd Burroughs' Home, 1936.












1938 Walker Evans's work exhibited at the Museum of Modern Art's first show devoted to a photographer











Ansel Adams, Cypress Roots, 1978.
Tina Modotti, Hands Resting on Tool, 1927.











Edward Weston, Nude, 1926.
Edward Weston, Cabbage Leaf, 1931.











previsualiztion = ability to see one's finished print before exposure


Banana Plant

Imogen Cunningham, Banana Plant, c. 1929.











Imogen Cunningham, Two Calle, 1929.
Imogen Cunningham, Frida Kahlo, 1931.