Film Und Foto

Reminder! Exam 2 will open on Blackboard, Friday, March 29, and must be submitted by Monday, April 1.
Claude Cahun, Self-Portrait in Sailor Hat, 1920.











Formalism = the concept that a work's artistic value is entirely determined by its form--the way it is made, its purely visual aspects and its medium. Formalism emphasizes compositional elements such as color, line, shape and texture rather than realism, context and content
Alfred Stieglitz, Hands, 1918.











Edward Steichen, Gloria Swanson, 1924.
Edward Steichen, Evening Shoes by Vida Moore, 1927.











Aleksander Rodchenko, Untitled (Walking Figure), 1928.


"One has to take several different shots of a subject, from different points of view and in different situations, as if one examined it in the round rather than looked through the same key-hole again and again." - Rodchenko












Alexander Rodchenko, Chauffeur, 1933.










Laszlo Maholy-Nagy, Chairs at Margate, 1935.












New Vision photographers practiced
"photographic photography"
New Vision elements:
Geometric compositions that approach abstraction
Use of the close-up and oblique points of view
Play with reflective surfaces to alter perception
Manipulation of light
Albert Renger-Patzsch, Echeoeria, 1922.











Florence Henri, Composition, 1932.











Clarence John Laughlin, The Fierce Eyed Building, 1939.
Ilsa Bing, Self-Portrait with Mirrors, 1928.











Revolutionary spirit of modern photography expressed in the 1929 Film Und Foto exhibition

Photographs declared the greatest of contemporary technological wonders because of its capacity to "be one of the most effective weapons against the mechanization of the spirit."
Some of the artists included:
Berencice Abbott
Herbert Bayer
Imogen Cunningham
John Heartfield
Florence Henri
Laszlo Moholy-Nagy
Paul Outerbridge
Man Ray
Albert Renger-Patzsch
Aleksander Rodchenko
Charles Sheeler
Edward Steichen
Edward Weston
Film und Foto International Exhibition poster. 1929.










Eugene Atget, Avenue L'Observatoire, 1926.











punctum = that which unexpectedly reaches out and pierces the viewer,
thereby giving new meaning to the image


Eugene Atget, Avenue des Gobelins, 1925.











Eugene Atget, Autoportrait, 63 quai de la Tournelle, 1908.










E.J. Bellocq, Storeyville Portrait, c. 1900 - 1917.











E.J. Bellocq, Storeyville Portrait; Untitled, Plate 27 (Reclining Nude with a Mask), c. 1912.











E.J. Bellocq, Storeyville Portrait, c. 1900 - 1917.











E.J. Bellocq, Storeyville Portrait, c. 1900 - 1917.











E.J. Bellocq, Storeyville Portrait, c. 1900 - 1917.











E.J. Bellocq, Damaged Storeyville Portrait, c. 1900 - 1917.











Organized social reform movements in America that began during the late 19th century:
Woman's Suffrage Movement
Prohibition/ Temperance Movement
Public Education Reform Movement
Social documentary style emerged
in the 19th century in response to:
  • Popular social reform movements
  • Continued interest in recording wonders of the world
  • Availability and accessibility of the hand-held camera
Suffrage parade in New York City, May 6, 1912.











The New Woman

Frances Benjamin Johnston

Judge Magazine
Frances Benjamin Johnston, Self-Portrait, c. 1896.
John Held Jr., Judge Magazine cover, 1925.











Frances Benjamin Johnston, Louis Firetail (Sioux, Crow Creek), wearing tribal clothing, in American history class, Hampton Institute, Hampton, Virginia, late 1890s.
Frances Benjamin Johnston, Self-Portrait with Bicycle, c. 1890.
more on the Hampton Institute










Golden period of American news photography 1930s to 1950s
development of halftone printing methods in the 1930s

halftone = reprographic technique that simulates continuous tone imagery through the use of equally spaced dots of varying size.
allows for the printing of photographic image and text on the same surface with the same printing plate
Telephotography = transmission of images via telephone