Amateur Work

Quiz 2 will be available Friday, April 2 and must be submitted on Canvas by midnight, Monday, April 5.
Lady Clementina Hawarden, Dog Balancing on Chairs, c. 1860s.











Muybridge vs. Marey

Eadweard Muybridge, Man Pulling, 1887.

Etienne-Jules Marey, Measuring the Speed of a Swordthrust, c. 1890.











Photographic Societies &
Amateur Photo Clubs
Photographic societies provided:
  • Organized exhibitions of photographic works
  • Published magazines and newsletters with how-to information and scholarly discussion of theory
  • Community of people who believed and defended the artistic virtues of photography
  • Support and encouragement to the amateur and hobbyist
Charles Thruston Thompson, Exhibition of the Photographic Society of London and the Societe Francaise de Photographie at the South Kensington Museum, 1858.











Lady Clementina Hawarden,
Photographic Study, c. 1863.
Lady Clementina Hawarden, Photographic Study, Early 1860s. Albumen silver print.











In 1861, the age of consent was raised
from 10 to 12 in England
While there is no evidence that Hawarden was deliberately exploring the topic of adolescent sexuality, the popular concern is arguably evident in her images
Lady Clementina Hawarden, Isabella Grace, c. 1860s.











Julia Margaret Cameron, Rosebud Garden of Girls, 1868.











Julia Margaret Cameron, Sir John Frederick William Herschel, 1867.  Albumen print.
Photographer Unknown, Sir John Frederick William Herschel, Date Unknown.











"Hers are all taken purposely out of focus - some are very picturesque- some merely hideous- however, she talks of them as if they were triumphs of art." - Lewis Carroll
"What is focus- and who has the right to say what is the legitimate focus?  My aspirations are to enoble photography and to secure for it the character and uses of High Art by combining the real and the ideal." - Cameron
Julia Margaret Cameron, Ellen Terry at Age 16, 1864.











"Theory of Sacrifices"

  • First written defense of photography as art
  • Critic Francis Wey declared that "truth in art does not lie in a ruthless and unintelligent copy of nature, but in a spiritual interpretation."
  • Called for photographers to interpret their subjects
    even if they had to sacrifice detail
Julia Margaret Cameron, Sappho, c. 1866.











Oscar Rejlander, Duchenne de Boulogne, Study of muscles in the face and emotion, 1852 - 1856.











How did this photograph argue the case for the artistic merits of photography?


Two Ways of Life

Oscar G. Rejlander, Two Ways of Life, 1857. Albumen silver print. 16" X 31".











School of Athens

Women in center of Two Ways of Life

separate negatives used in Two Ways of Life

Raphael, School of Athens, c. 1510 - 1511.











Pensive Young Girl

Oscar Rejlander, Pensive Young Girl, c. 1860.


More on Rejlander's Charlotte Baker series











Liddell Sisters

Oscar Gustave Rejlander, Charles Dodgson a.k.a. Lewis Carroll, 1863. Albumen print.
Lewis Carroll, Alice Liddell and Sisters Edith and Lorina, c. 1859.











Lewis Carroll, Alice Liddell, 1858.
Lewis Carroll, Irene MacDonald, 1863.











Beggar Maid

Lewis Carroll, Alice Liddell as The Beggar Maid. c. 1859.
Oscar Rejlander, Night in Town, c. 1860.











Beggar Maid

Lewis Carroll, Alice Liddell as
The Beggar Maid
, c. 1859.
Julia Margaret Cameron,
Alice Liddell as Young Woman, 1869.