New Vision
 

"We must revolutionize our optical perception. We must remove the veil from our eyes." - Aleksander Rodchenko
 
 
Paul Strand, Rebecca, New York, 1921.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stieglitz

Edward Steichen, Alfred Stieglitz, 1907.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Les Demoiselles D'Avignon

Pablo Picasso, Les Demoiselles D'Avignon, 1907.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Type of Women
Les Demoiselles D'Avignon
Edmond Fortier, Types of Women, West Africa, 1906.
Pablo Picasso, Les Demoiselles D'Avignon, 1907.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alfred Stieglitz, The Steerage, 1907.

 

 

"I saw shapes related to one another - a picture of shapes, and underlying it, a new vision that held me."
- Alfred Stieglitz

 
"This photographer is working in the same spirit as I am." - Pablo Picasso upon seeing The Steerage

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Straight Photography = approach that attempts to depict a scene as realistically and objectively as permitted by the medium. Condemned the use of both pre-exposure (e.g., filters, lens coatings, soft focus) and post-exposure (e.g., unusual developing and printing methods) manipulation
 
Winter on Fifth Avenue
The Steerage
Alfred Stieglitz, Winter on Fifth Avenue, 1892.
Alfred Stieglitz, The Steerage, 1907.

 

Pictorialism
Straight Photography
Focus
Main subject in focus, everything else fuzzy
Entire photo in sharp focus
Manipulation
Encouraged hand altering of image
No manipulation
Tone
Almost monochromatic gray
Deep contrast and full range of tones
Subject
Sentimental, nostalgic and fantastic
Composition and form
Surface
Printed on art papers
Printed on glossy, waxed paper
Overall goal
To make photos look like paintings
To make photos look like photos

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The 291
(a.k.a. The Little Galleries of the Photo Seccesion)
1905 - 1917
 
1910 Stieglitz organized the last show of Pictorialist work for the Albright-Knox Gallery in Buffalo, New York
 
Clarence H. White, Ring Toss, 1903.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Paul Strand, Abstraction, Twin Lakes, Connecticut, 1916.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Abstraciton with oranges

Paul Strand, Bowls, Twin Lakes, Connecticut, 1916.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Blind
"The work was brutally direct, pure and devoid of trickery."
- Stieglitz on Strand's straight approach

Paul Strand, New York (from Camera Work, June 1917), Platinum print.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bird in Space

Avant-garde = artists or works that are novel or experimental
 
  • relates to military term for soldiers who explore the battlefield ahead of advancing army
  • suggests small group of intellectuals who push the boundaries of what is accepted as the norm
 
 
 
Constantin Brancusi, Bird in Space, 1928?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Armory Show Main Hall, New York, NY, 1913

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Armory Show 1913
First large-scale exhibition of radical modern European art
   

Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2

Responses to the Armory Show and Duchamp's Nude:

  • President Theodore Roosevelt exclaimed, "That's not art!"
  • New York Times critic said Duchamp's painting resembled
    "an explosion in a shingle factory."
  • American Art News offered a prize to anyone
    who could find the nude

Marcel Duchamp, Nude Descending A Staircase, No. 2. 1912.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2
Chronophotography demonstration
Marcel Duchamp, Nude Descending A Staircase, No. 2. 1912.
Etienne-Jules Marey, Man in Black Suit with White Stripes Down Arms and Legs, Walking in Front of a Black Wall, c. 1884.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fountain

Marcel Duchamp, Fountain, 1917.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alfred Stieglitz, Duchamp's Fountain photographed in the 291 Gallery