Bearing Witness
 
Renty
The Other = refers to that which is 'other' than the concept being considered. The term often means a person other than oneself, and is often capitalised. The Other is singled out as different.
J.T. Zealy, Renty, African born slave, 1850.  Daguerreotype.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Other = refers to that which is 'other' than the concept being considered. The term often means a person other than oneself, and is often capitalised. The Other is singled out as different.

 

J.E. Whitney Studio, Cut Nose, 1862. Carte-de-visite.

 

caption: Cut Nose: Who in the Massacre of 1862, in Minnesota,
murdered 18 Women and Children and 5 Men.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jack

Renty
J.T. Zealy, Jack (driver), Guinea, 1850.  Daguerreotype.
J.T. Zealy, Renty, African born slave, 1850.  Daguerreotype.

 

Harvard zoologist, Louis Agassiz intended these photographs to be read as scientific evidence for polygenesis, the idea that human races had separate origins and were thus inescapably and irrevocably different.
 
theory of special creation = belief that races were created at different times and in different parts of the world

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Delia

Delia

J.T. Zealy, Delia, American born, daughter of Renty, Congo, 1850.  Daguerreotype.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Carrie Mae Weems, From Here I Saw What Happened and I Cried, 1995 - 1996.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Carrie Mae Weems, From Here I Saw What Happened and I Cried, 1995 - 1996.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Carrie Mae Weems, From Here I Saw What Happened and I Cried, 1995 - 1996.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Carrie Mae Weems, From Here I Saw What Happened and I Cried, 1995 - 1996.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Carrie Mae Weems, From Here I Saw What Happened and I Cried, 1995 - 1996.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Carrie Mae Weems, From Here I Saw What Happened and I Cried, 1995 - 1996.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Carrie Mae Weems, From Here I Saw What Happened and I Cried, 1995 - 1996.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Carrie Mae Weems, From Here I Saw What Happened and I Cried, 1995 - 1996.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Carrie Mae Weems, From Here I Saw What Happened and I Cried, 1995 - 1996.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Carrie Mae Weems, From Here I Saw What Happened and I Cried, 1995 - 1996.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Saartjie “Sarah” Baartman a.k.a. The Hottentot Venus, early 19th century, Carte-de-Visite.
Nicki Minaj, Anaconda, 2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nadar, Maria, 1856 - 1859.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

McPherson and Oliver (attributed),
The Scourged Back, 1863, carte-de-visite

Sojourner Truth, I Sell the Shadow to Support the Substance, 1864, carte-de-visite

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"For nineteenth-century positivists, photography doubly fulfilled the Enlightenment dream of a universal language: the universal mimetic language of the camera yielded up a much higher, cerebral truth, a truth that could be uttered in the universal abstract language of mathematics. For this reason...Photography promised more than a wealth of detail; it promised to reduce nature to its geometrical essence. Presumably then, the archive could provide a standard physiognomic guage of the criminal, could assign each criminal body a relative and quantitative position within a larger ensemble." - Allan Sekula in The Body and the Archive

Early 20th Century California Inmantes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alphonse Bertillon, From Indentification Anthropometrique, 1893.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Henry Pickering Bowditch, Twelve Boston Physicians and Their Composite Portrait,  c. 1894.
Henry Pickering Bowditch, Saxon Soldiers, 1894.
   
Displayed during the First International Eugenics Congress

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Jewish Type

Francis Galton, The Jewish Type, 1883.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Violent Criminals Composite
Alphonse Bertillon, Mugshot Card, 1914.
Francis Galton, Violent Criminals Compositie, 1885.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The New Face of America
Time Magazine, The New Face of America cover, Fall 1993 special issue.
National Geographic, The Changing Face of America - What the Average American Will Look Like in 2050, 2017.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ethnographic Studies

ethnogoraphy = descriptive anthropology

 

Malayan Male
John Lamprey, Front and Profile Views of a Malayan Male, c. 1868 – 1869.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"We are confronting, then, a double system: a system of representation capable of functioning both honorifically and repressively." - Allan Sekula
   
Gray Brothers, Young Zulu Warrior in fighting order and in skin kaross armed with hatchet and assegai, c. 1870s.
Zulu Mothers, late nineteenth century.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Couple from New Caldonia, 19th century
Photographer Unknown, Brinjara and Wife from The People of India, 1868.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"Not only was photography to serve as a means of cultural enlightenment for the working classes, but family photographs sustained sentimental ties in a nation of migrants. This 'primal household affection' served a socially cohesive function, [Marcus Aurelius] Root argued - articulating a nineteenth-century familialism that would survive and become an essential ideological feature of American mass culture." - Allan Sekula
Chinese Family, c. 1880s.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

How do we photograph "The Other?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Do we still use images to perpetuate archaic ideas about race?
 
Trayvon Martin, 2013
Michael Brown