The Inca
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Inca Empire
1438 - 1532

 

 

Tawantinsuyo = Land of the Four Quarters

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Inca Kings
 
 
Approximate Reign
Pre-Imperial Rulers:
Manco Capac
mythical
Sinchi Roca
mythical
Lloque Yupanqui
mythical
Mayta Capac
mythical
Capac Yupanqui
unknown
Inca Roca
unknown
Yahuar Huacac
unknown
Viracocha
until 1438
Imperial Rulers:
Pachakuti
1438 - 1471
Thopa Inca Yupanqui
1471 - 1493
Huayna Capac
1493 - 1525
Huascar
1525 - 1532
Atahualpa
1532 - 1533

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Characteristics of Inca Artistic Approach
  • Technical excellence
  • Standardization
  • geometric organicism = any of various theories that society or universe as a whole is organic

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quipu, Inca

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

mneumonic devices = memory aids

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quipu

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Inca Expressions in Stonework:
Outcroppings
Terraces
Waterways
Roads
Walls
Cities
 
Twelve Angle Monolith, Cuzco, Inca, Late Horizon.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ashlar masonry

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Outcroppings

 

The Sacred Rock, Machu Picchu, Inca, Late Horizon.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Throne at Sacsahuaman, Inca, Late Horizon.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Terraces

Agricultural terraces at Pisac, Inca, Late Horizon.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ollantaytambo, Inca, Late Horizon.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Waterways

 

Tambomachay, Inca, Late Horizon.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Incan Water Spouts at Timpon, Peru, Late Horizon.